International Journal of Intercultural Relations Volume 22, Issue 2International Journal of Intercultural Relations Volume 22, Issue 2, 1 May 1998, Pages 187-225 Facework competence in intercultural conflict: an updated face-negotiation theory Stella Ting-Toomey and Atsuko Kurogi California State University at Fullerton and Portland State University, U.S.A....Facework refers to a set of communicative behaviors that people use to regulate their social dignity and to support or challenge the other’s social dignity…… Ting-Toomey & Kurogi 1998 Facework competence in intercultural conflict: an updated face-negotiation theory. “Facework refers to a set of communicative behaviors that people use to regulate their social dignity and to support or challenge the other’s social dignity.” Just write point #1 in here
Write: “see Scavenger Hunt” Just write point #2 in here Just write point #3 in here Write: “see Scavenger Hunt”
Organizing & Outlining Your Presentation Organizing your main idea Organizing your supporting material Organizing your presentation for the ears of others
Organizing & Outlining Your Presentation Introducing and concluding your presentation Outlining your presentation
Organizing Main Ideas Preview Strategies for organizing the main ideas of the speech Chronological Topical
Organizing Main Ideas Preview Strategies for organizing the main ideas of the speech Spatial Cause and effect Problem and solution
Organizing Your Main Ideas Chronological Sequential order, according to when each step or event occurred or should occur
Organizing Your Main Ideas Topical Organized by sub-topics, equal in importance Recency, primacy, complexity
Organizing Your Main Ideas Spatial Arranging items according to their location and direction
Organizing Your Main Ideas Cause & Effect Identifying a situation and then discussing the resulting effects (cause/effect) Presenting a situation and then exploring its cause (effect/cause)
Organizing Your Main Ideas Problem and Solution Exploring how best to solve a problem or advocating a particular solution
Organizing your Supporting Material The same five organizational patterns you considered as you organized your main ideas can also help you organize your supporting material.
Organizing your Supporting Material Specificity Group your specific information followed by a general explanation or give a general explanation first and then support it with specific information.
Organizing your Supporting Material Arrangement from “Soft” to “Hard” Evidence Soft evidence: Supporting Material based primarily on opinion or inference, including hypothetical illustrations, descriptions, explanations, definitions, analogies, and opinions. Hard evidence: Factual examples and statistics.
Organizing your presentation for the ears of others Organizational Cues Signposts A verbal or nonverbal organizational signal.
Organizing your presentation for the ears of others Organizational Cues Previews Statements of what is to come Initial previews Internal previews
Organizing your presentation for the ears of others Organizational Cues Transitions Verbal nonverbal
Organizing your presentation for the ears of others Organizational Cues Summaries Internal summaries Final summaries
Introducing Your Presentation Introduction Get the audience’s attention An Illustration A Rhetorical Question A startling fact or statistic Quote an expert or literary text Tell a humorous story
Introducing Your Presentation Introduction Introduce the topic
Introducing Your Presentation Introduction Give the audience a reason to listen
Introducing Your Presentation Introduction Establish your credibility
Introducing Your Presentation Introduction Preview your Main Points Kathy Mellor, National Teacher of the year, with President George W. Bush and first lady Laura Bush
Concluding Your Presentation Conclusion Summarize the presentation Reemphasize the main idea in a memorable way
Concluding Your Presentation Conclusion Motivate the audience to respond Provide closure http://www.ion-kids.com/autism.html
Outlining Your Presentation Preparation Outline Fairly detailed outline of central idea, main ideas, and supporting material Standard outline format APA Style Reference Page
Outlining Your Presentation Delivery Outline Provides all the notes you will need to present your presentation
Tips for Developing Your Delivery Outline Use single words or short phrases Include your introduction and conclusion in abbreviated form Include supporting material and signposts Do not include your purpose statement Use standard outline form Use Delivery cues
What questions do you have? Homework: Reading? Assignments?