2 Plants Review - #1When a plant begins the process of germination, describe what it is doing.The germinating plant is starting to sprout and grow. In both monocots and dicots, this process starts with the root extending from the seed.
3 Plants Review - #2You notice that the large leafed plant in your house needs to be watered much more often than the small leafed plant. Both plants are the same height and width. Which of the following processes explains this scenario? Use claim, evidence and reasoning to explain your choice.PhotosynthesisTranspirationFertilizationGermination
4 Plants Review - #2 cont…You notice that the large leafed plant in your house needs to be watered much more often than the small leafed plant. Both plants are the same height and width. Which of the following processes explains this scenario? Use claim, evidence and reasoning to explain your choice.Transpiration is the process of plants releasing excess water through the stomata in their leaves.The plant with more leaf surface area has more stomata and will release more water, so it needs to be watered more often.Stomata also let in the carbon dioxide needed for photosynthesis and let out the oxygen.We needed to water our bean and corn plants more often after they grew leaves.
5 Plants Review - #3All species of organisms that reproduce sexually, undergo a process called fertilization. What is it and how does it work in plants?Fertilization occurs with the nucleus of a sperm cell (male) joins with the nucleus of an egg cell (female).In plants this happens when pollen (sperm) enters the stigma and joins with one of the many ovules (eggs) inside of the ovary.
6 Plants Review - #4Humans consume and digest food to gain the energy needed to perform life processes. Name and explain the process that plants use to gain energy.Photosynthesis is the process that plants use to transform light energy from the sun into chemical energy they can use.This is done by combining carbon dioxide, water and sunlight.The products (outcome) of photosynthesis areoxygen, water vapor and glucose (sugar).Chloroplasts are the organellesthat perform this process.
7 Plants Review - #5Define pollination and explain the different types in detail.Pollination is the process of pollen being transferred from the male part of a plant (stamen) to the female part (pistil).There are two types of pollination.Cross-pollination happens when the pollen from one plant is transferred to thepistil of another, usually byan animal or wind.Self-pollination happenswhen pollen from a flowerenters its own pistil.
8 Plants Review - #6In a plant’s life cycle it will undergo 5 major processes. Imagine that it is starting as a dormant seed. Put these processes in order of occurrence and be ready to defend/explain your decisions. Fertilization, Photosynthesis, Germination, Pollination, TranspirationGermination Photosynthesis/Transpiration Pollination FertilizationGermination comes first because the plant must grow before it can perform any of the other processes.Photosynthesis and Transpiration begin as soon as the plant has leaves and continue throughout the plant’s life cycle.Pollination happens when the plant has matured enough to reproduce.The process of transferring pollen leads to fertilization, or the egg and sperm uniting.
9 IGNORE!!! Plants Review - #7 Describe some differences between gymnosperm and angiosperm plants.Gymnosperm plantsTypically have cones which hold the seeds (naked seeds)Can grow tallTypically have leaves in a needle shapeExamples are pine/ Western Red Cedar/ Douglas Fir/ Hemlockbotanicalillustration.blogspot.com
10 IGNORE!!! Plants Review - #7 Describe some differences between gymnosperm and angiosperm plants.Angiosperm plantsTypically have flowers and/ or fruit (of some kind) which protect the seedsCan grow tallTypically have leaves in a broadleaf shapeExamples are bean/ corn/ rose/ cherry/ sunflowerdraget.netblog.bluebird-bakeshop.com
11 Plants Review - #8 Describe some parts of a flowering plant. Pistil & StamenPistil holds the female portion of flower – style, stigma, ovary, ovuleStamen holds the male portion of flower – filament, anther (pollen)Examples are Wisconsin Fast Plant/ corn/ beanurbanext.illinois.eduohioplants.org
12 Plants Review - #8 Describe some parts of a flowering plant. Perfect Flowers have both the male and female reproductive parts.Imperfect Flowers have male OR female reproductive parts.urbanext.illinois.eduohioplants.org
13 Plants Review - #9Describe some differences between monocot and dicot plants.MonocotSeed stays underground after germinationRoots grow randomly out from base of stemXylem/ phloem spaced randomlyLeaf veins are parallelFlower groupings are typically in threesurbanext.illinois.edufineartamerica.com
14 Plants Review - #9Describe some differences between monocot and dicot plants.DicotSeed grows up out of ground after germinationTap root grows down deep – roots branch outXylem/ phloem arranged in a ringLeaf veins are branchingFlower groupings are typically in fours or fivesgolopafu.comoj.com
15 IGNORE!!! Plants Review - #10 Describe some differences between vascular and non-vascular plants.Non-vascular plantshug the ground or live in VERY wet climatesno roots or stems with xylem & phloem to pull wateralgae (live in water) and mosses/ liverwort plants (live nearby water)cartage.org.lbnjOi.blogspot.com
16 IGNORE!!! Plants Review - #10 Describe some differences between vascular and non-vascular plants.Vascular plantsusually tallhave roots and stems that pull water up into the plantExamples are ferns/ horsetails/ gymnosperm & angiosperm plants123rf.comthebridebouquet.com