Presentation on theme: "Constitutional Convention & The Great Compromise"— Presentation transcript:
1 Constitutional Convention & The Great Compromise Mr. CalesChapter 4 , Section 3
2 Articles of Confederation Need Work! Constitutional Convention held in May 1787.Meeting was meant to improve or change the Articles of Confederation.George Washington was elected President of Constitutional Convention.Some wanted a strong central government, and some did not (Patrick Henry--Sons of Liberty).
5 Definition of Compromise an agreement reached after both sides give something up in order to get the most of what they really want
6 Virginia PlanVirginia thought that states with large populations should have the most power. The larger the population, the more representation in government!(More populated states should have greater representation in government)(Representatives work to make laws)
7 New Jersey PlanThought that the legislature should have one house with two representatives no matter the population(Each state should have equal representation. No state should have more power than another based on population)
8 THE GREAT COMPROMISE! Create a TWO House Legislature: The House of Representatives would have representatives based on Population (435 today)The Senate would have equal representation for all states. Each state will have two Senators(100 total for the U.S. Today)This agreement tried to satisfy the big and small states
10 3/5ths Compromise – Counting Slaves? Big Question between North & SouthSouth – We want to count our slaves in order to have as many representatives as possible!North – No way – They are not citizens!Compromise: You can count 60% of your slaves, or 3/5ths of the slave population will count towards representation.
11 How does this look? For Example in South Carolina (9,000,000): 5,000,000 people that are not slaves4,000,000 people that are slaves4,000,000 x 60% = 2,400,000South Carolina Population = 7,400,000
12 Slavery in the Constitution? They would end slave trade in 20 years. This compromise was reached because the Southern states demanded that they needed slavery for their economy.Most believed that this should be a State issue and let the states decide.There is NO mention of slavery in the Constitution--”free persons” “all other persons”
13 Key Terms:Popular Sovereignty – The idea that political authority belongs to the people.Federalism – The sharing of power between a central government and the states that make up a country.
14 Branches of Government – Intro Legislative Branch – (Congress) – Makes the laws.Executive Branch –(President) – Enforces the laws.Judicial Branch – (Federal Courts) – Interprets or reviews the laws for constitutionality.
15 A New Constitution! Draft was completed in September 1787. Only 3 of the 42 delegates refused to sign the Constitution. (It did not include protections of personal freedoms)Not a perfect document, but protected the ideas of republicanism.James Madison is considered the father of the Constitution.
17 Analyzing Primary Source Images Write down everything you think is important in the photograph?What does it reveal about its subject?What is the setting for the photograph?What other details are important?When where was the picture taken?How can I describe the photographer’s point of view?