Presentation on theme: "The Constitutional Convention Creating the Constitution Chapter Eight, Section Two US History."— Presentation transcript:
The Constitutional Convention Creating the Constitution Chapter Eight, Section Two US History
Changes to the Articles In 1786, a meeting was called to discuss trade between the states. Many thought the nations problems could be solved by strengthening the national government. Delegates from five states met in Annapolis, MD to discuss ways to promote trade between the states. Making changes regarding trade would require amending the Articles of Confederation, since under the articles granted no authority to regulate trade among to states. Alexander Hamilton called the states to send representatives to Philadelphia, PA to discuss changes.
The Constitutional Convention Summer of 1787 55 delegates met in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Attended by George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, James Madison. Thomas Jefferson and John Adams did not attend serving as diplomats overseas. Delegates from 12 of the 13 States attended
Branches of Government Federal Government Legislative Made the laws Executive Enforced the laws Judicial Interpreted the Laws
The Virginia Plan Federal Government made up of 3 branches Legislative Executive Judicial Legislative would be made up of two houses In both houses, the number of representatives from each state would be based on state’s population or its wealth Senate House of Representatives Larger states supported the plan, smaller states opposed the plan
The New Jersey Plan Federal Government made up of 3 branches. Legislative Executive Judicial The Legislative branch would be made up of one House. In it, each state would only have one vote.
The Great Compromise The Legislature would have two houses. To satisfy the smaller states, each state would have an equal number of votes in the Senate. To satisfy the larger states, the House of Representatives would set representation according to the state populations. Legislature (Congress) Senate Equal representation, 2 senators per state. House of Representatives Membership would be based on a states population.
The 3/5 Compromise Under this compromise, three-fifths of the slave population would be counted when setting direct taxes on the states. This three-fifths ratio also would be used to determine representation in the legislature. Agreed that Congress could not ban the international slave trade until 1808.