2 Focus QuestionsWhy did the delegates meet for the Constitutional Convention?What were some of the main issues debated and compromises reached at the Constitutional Convention?How is the federal government balanced under the U.S. Constitution?
3 The Constitutional Convention By mid 1780s many new it was time for a change to the Articles of ConfederationIn 1787 there was a meeting called in Philadelphia to discus improving the ArticlesThe Constitutional Convention was held in May of 1787 and was held in Independence Hall
4 The Constitutional Convention Rhode Island was the only delegation not presentBenjamin Franklin was the oldest memberJames Madison proved to be the most important delegates at the convention
5 The Constitutional Convention George Washington was a Virginia representative and was elected president of the conventionJohn Adams and Thomas Jefferson were serving as ambassadors and were not therePatrick Henry was also not in attendance because he did not believe the meeting was necessary
6 The Great CompromiseSome delegates wanted to rewrite the Articles, some wanted to make small changesThe Virginia Plan was proposed four days into the conventionNew Federal government that gave supreme power to the central governmentDivided the government into executive, judicial, and legislative branchesLegislative would be bicameral and each state would be represented based on population
7 The Great CompromiseThe New Jersey Plan was offered after two weeks of debateUnicameral legislature and each state would get the same amount of representativesCentral government could tax citizens and regulate commerceThe debate over the two types of government waged on
8 The Great CompromiseThe Great Compromise was when a new plan was constructed that called for a lower house to be based off of population and a higher house that was equally represented by all states
9 The Three-Fifths Compromise Southern states wanted slaves to be counted as their population when it came to determining Congressional seats but did not want to count them when it came to paying taxesThe Three-Fifths Compromise counted each slave as three-fifths of personNorthern delegates had to also agree to wait 20 years before seeking to end the slave trade
10 Our Living Constitution Most delegates wanted a strong national government but also wanted to protect popular sovereignty—political authority belongs to the peopleThey also formed a federalist system- the power is shared between a central government and the states that make up a countryUnder the Constitution, states have control over government functions not specifically assigned to the Federal Government
11 A Delicate Balance The Federal Government has three branches The legislative branch is responsible for proposing and passing lawsSenate has two representativesHouse of Representatives– represented according to populationExecutive Branch– includes the president and that help run the governmentJudicial Branch– national courts– interpreting the laws
12 A Delicate BalanceThe framers crated a system of checks and balances– keeps any branch from becoming too powerfulThe framers new the Constitution was not a perfect document
13 A Delicate BalanceIn September of 1787 the delegates signed the final draft of the ConstitutionThe Constitution was then sent to the states for ratification
14 Focus QuestionsWhy did the delegates meet for the Constitutional Convention?What were some of the main issues debated and compromises reached at the Constitutional Convention?How is the federal government balanced under the U.S. Constitution?