2 CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION Where was the Constitutional Convention? Independence Hall (or the State House)Philadelphia Pennsylvania
3 CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION What was the purpose of the Constitutional Convention? At first, to revise (fix) the Articles of Confederation.Ended up creating the Constitution in their place.
4 CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION Who was elected President of the Constitutional Convention? George Washington
5 CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION Who was at the Constitutional Convention? Representatives from 12 of the states
6 CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION Who was NOT at the Constitutional Convention CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION Who was NOT at the Constitutional Convention? (and why?)Women, African Americans and American IndiansBecause they were not considered citizens
7 THE GREAT COMPROMISE What was the New Jersey Plan? Representation based on equalityEach state has the same number of representatives
8 THE GREAT COMPROMISE What was the Virginia Plan? Representation based on populationMore people in your state = more representatives
9 THE GREAT COMPROMISE Which plan was for the BIG states? The Virginia Plan
10 THE GREAT COMPROMISE Which plan was for the SMALL states? The New Jersey Plan
11 THE GREAT COMPROMISE What did the Great Compromise do? Combined the Virginia Plan & the New Jersey Plan.Created a bicameral (2 house) legislative branch called Congress (Senate & House of Representatives).In one part (Senate) each state is equal.In the other part, (House of Representatives) it is dependant on population.
12 BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT What does the judicial branch do? Interprets (applies) the lawsIncludes the Supreme Court Justices (judges)
13 BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT What does the executive branch do? Enforces the lawsIncludes the President and his departments(like the department of education)
14 BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT What does the legislative branch do? Makes laws (legislation)Includes Congress,(the House of Representatives & the Senate)
15 BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT What keeps any one branch from being too powerful? Checks and balances
16 What is federalism?Power is distributed (shared) between a central authority (federal government) and the states
17 What did they decide to do about the slave trade? It could continue for 20 years