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The Constitutional Convention: Chapter 5.1
Essential Questions: What was the Constitutional Convention? What was determined to be essential for our gov’t? What conflicts arose around the creation of the Constitution?
In your notes: List anything that you know about our Constitution. Share with a partner.
The Constitutional Convention Had Articles of Confederation, but realized federal gov’t. not strong enough. 1787- Congress approved a convention to revise the Articles
Getting Organized Convention held in Philadelphia where Declaration of Independence had been signed May 25, 1787- begins George Washington chosen as the presiding officer
Madison’s Plan First, delegates voted not to revise the Articles of Confederation Needed new plan, but most did not have specific ideas
Madison’s Plan James Madison- VA delegate Had a definite plan Strong national government Legislative, executive, and judicial branches
Madison’s Plan Legislative branch would have two parts (to make laws) ○ House of Representatives- member would be chosen directly by the people ○ Senate – members would be chosen by the House
Madison’s Plan ○ # of seats in the House and the Senate would be based on each state’s population
With a partner, What was the purpose of the Constitutional Convention? Draw a picture to explain Madison’s plan.
Compromises About Congress How many representatives would each state have in Congress? Madison’s Plan = # determined by population
Compromises About Congress Large states would dominate Congress Small states proposed a plan from William Paterson (NJ) 1 house legislature; each state have the same #
Great Compromise Plan called for a Bicameral – two house legislature House of Representatives would based on state population Senate – each state would have 2 senators
Compromises About Congress The Three-Fifths Compromise Had to decide how to count the population in a state Should slaves be counted?
Compromises About Congress South – Yes North - No Agreed to count each slave as 3/5 of a person
In your notes, Explain the 2 conflicts that arose around the Constitution?
The Executive and Judicial Branches Executive Branch One President instead of a committee of leaders Defined powers and duties of the President
The Executive and Judicial Branches Judicial Branch Created the Supreme Court Would have authority to interpret laws Would settle conflicts between states
The Executive and Judicial Branches President would be chosen by a group of electors known as the Electoral College Each state legislature would determine # of electors for Electoral College
The Signing September 17, 1787 – Signed Constitution delegates often called the “Framers” – formed the government
With a partner, What was determined to be the essential parts of the new government? What was the purpose of each part?
Objectives Describe the proceedings of the Constitutional Convention.
The Constitutional Convention Copy the following notes.
Road to the Constitution and Creating and Ratifying the Constitution
Chapter 2: Origins of American Government Section 4
THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION OF 1787 Chapter 5 Section 2 (Part 1)
Constitutional Convention & The Great Compromise
Creating the Constitution. May U.S. in a crisis War debts were piling up, economy was failing, unrest in the thirteen states In response to crisis-
Review Questions Quiz 8.3 Packet Pages 11-12
Section 3 Chapter 7 The Constitution.
Drafting the Constitution
Chapter 2: Origins of American Government Section 4: Creating the Constitution American Government.
Chapter 7 Section 2 The Constitutional Convention.
Objective: To examine the importance of the Great Compromise and 3/5 Compromise.
The Constitutional Convention. Agree - need national government - guard against abuse of power (separation of power) - limit government powers (state.
Creating the Constitution Chapter 2, Section 4 An assembly of “demi-gods.” – Thomas Jefferson.
Chapter 7 Section 2 “Here comes the Constitution”.
The Constitutional Convention Chapter 5-1 Civics.
Constitutional Convention Chapter 5 – Section 1 Constitution Rap Video.
The Key People, Events, and Ideas that Shaped the Document
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