2 Early Signs of Pregnancy A missed menstrual periodA full feeling or mild ache in the lower abdomenFeeling tired and faintA frequent, urgent need to urinateSwollen breasts causing discomfort or tendernessNausea and/or vomiting, particularly in the morning.
3 Medical Care During Pregnancy Seek an obstetricianSchedule first examCheck blood pressureMedical history discussionPelvis measurementAnalysis of urineBlood tests (to rule out anemia)A check of the woman’s immunity
4 Discomforts of Pregnancy Nausea and/or vomitingSleepinessHeartburnShortness of breathVaricose veinsMuscle cramps in legsLower back pain
5 More Serious Complications Vaginal bleedingUnusual weight gain or lossExcessive thirstDiminished need to urinate or pain during urinationSevere abdominal painPersistent headachesSevere vomitingFeverIncrease vaginal mucusSwelling of the face, hands or anklesBlurred vision or dizzinessProlonged backache
6 Nutrition during Pregnancy Focus on fruitsVary your veggiesGet your calcium rich food (at least 3 cups of milk daily)Make half your grains whole grainGo lean with protein
7 Personal Care and Activities Get plenty of restExercisePractice good hygieneWear loose fitting and comfortable clothing
8 Breast Feeding and Bottle Feeding Best source of nutrition for babyGives the baby some immunity against diseasesCreates a bond through physical closenessMay boost brain developmentReduces baby risk of allergiesCauses fewer digestive upsetsFreeSpeeds the return of the mother’s uterus to normal sizeAllows father to participateAllows mother to have more flexible scheduleEliminates the concern about mother’s diet or medicationsBabies need feeding less oftenCan be expensiveDoes not give the baby any natural immunities to diseaseInvolves a greater chance of developing allergiesPrevents father from participatingBaby has to be fed more oftenMay be painful for mothers
9 Childbirth Options Prepared Child birth Labor Delivery Involves reducing pain and fear during the birth process through education and breathing exercisesLaborProcess by which the baby gradually moves out of the uterus and into the vaginaDeliveryThe process of the baby actually being expelled from the vagina
10 Who Will Deliver the Baby ObstetricianFamily doctorsLicensed midwivesWhere will the baby be bornAlternative birthing centers: no pain medicationHomeHospital
11 In ConclusionThe common length of pregnancy is about 40 weeks or 280 daysSome babies are born either a few weeks early or a few weeks lateChanges for the Mother1 month: missed menstrual period2 month: breasts begin to swell, pressure on bladder3 month: breasts may ache and become firm, nausea, and fatigue4 month: Stomach continues to grow, morning sickness is usually gone, appetite increases5 month: slight fetal movements felt6 month: fetal movements are stronger, weight gain usually pounds7 month: increased size may affect posture8 month: Backaches, leg cramps, shortness of breath, and fatigue. Baby may begin kicking through the night9 month: Baby drops (lightening); false labor pains may occur; total weight gain of pounds.