Presentation on theme: "How does it start? What are the stages? Are there signs?"— Presentation transcript:
1 How does it start? What are the stages? Are there signs? What is Labour?How does it start? What are the stages? Are there signs?
2 Beginning of LabourDuring the last weeks of pregnancy, women become anxious for the baby to be bornTime seems to pass slowly during this time, and man women feel “lightening” during this time.What is “lightening” ?With a first pregnancy, lightening may occur some days or weeks before labour. A woman who has had children may experience this just as the labour begins.
3 Early Signs of Labour“Show” or “Bloody Show”, which may also be referred to as losing the mucus plug.Throughout pregnancy, a plug of mucus seals the cervix, the lower part of the uterus. The mucus helps prevent bacteria from moving up the vagina which could cause infection.Before birth, it begins to liquefy and the woman may notice a few drops of blood or a slightly pinkish vaginal staining. It can be as early as a few days before labour begins.
4 In some women, the onset of labour is signaled by a trickle – or even a gush – of warm fluid from the vagina.This indicates that the membrane holding the amniotic fluid surrounding the baby has broken.This usually happens at the hospital or birthing center when the woman is in active labour.
5 When the membrane breaks, the woman should note the time, the amount of fluid, and the color and odor of the fluid.This information should be called in to the doctor or midwife.Once the water is broken, the doctor should deliver the baby within 24 to 48 hours to protect the baby from infection.
6 Contractions This is the clearest sign that labour has begun. Contractions are the tightening and releasing of the muscle in the uterus.When the uterus contracts, it gets shorter and harder, like any other muscle.With each contraction, it shortens and gets harder, holds the hardness for a short time, and then relaxes and rests for a few minutes.Are contractions painful? Yes, but they are bearable, there is time between each one so the mother has a chance to rest and recover before the next.
7 Questions?What are the three early signs of labour?
8 False LabourSome women feel this hours or even days before the begin real labourThey can be strong contractions, but are not regular or rhythmic, they do not become increasingly stronger, they end if the woman walks aroundThese contractions are often referred to as “Braxton Hicks”
9 Stages of Labour Labour moves through three stages: In the first stage, contractions open the cervixIn the second stage, the baby is bornIn the third stage, the placenta is expelledThe duration of labour varies greatly, usually between 8-20 hours for first baby
10 First Stage of LabourContractions prepare the mother’s body to give birthEach time the uterus contracts, the muscles of the uterus pull up on the cervix, slowly thinning and opening itContractions get longer, lasting about 60 seconds, and get closer together, 5 to 6 minutes apart (2 to 3 minutes apart)This is the most difficult part of labour to cope with
11 As the cervix opens, the baby moves down into the lower pelvis, getting ready for birth The first stage ends with a period called transition, when the cervix becomes fully dilatedThe contractions become very strong, last longer (up to 90 seconds), and come apart more freqently
12 The Second StageContractions work to move the baby down through the pelvis and out of the vagina, or birth canalThis is when the mother “pushes” the baby out and the child is born.
13 The bones in the pelvis are joined together by ligaments, which are like rubber hands During delivery, these ligaments are very stretchy, as a result of the hormone called “relaxin”The same hormone also makes the vagina very stretchy, this allows the baby to safely pass through to be bornVideo – Vaginal Delivery
14 The body of the unborn baby is well suited to the journey as well The skull is soft and flexible so the baby’s head can become longer and narrower than normalThe skull consists of five separate bones that can overlap each other during delivery
15 If the doctor decides that the fit between the mother and baby is not adequate, an episiotomy may be performed. This is a surgical cut that would widen the opening, however it is not used oftenMany doctors and midwives work with women to avoid it.
16 Women give birth in a variety of positions Part sitting up, and part lying down, with their legs apart and knees bent (as seen in the video)Some women squat, sit in a birthing chair, or even kneel on their hands and knees
17 Doctor provides gentle support as the head is delivered The head is followed by one shoulder, then the other. The rest of the baby slips out into the worldSometimes a doctor uses forceps or a vacuum. The doctor attaches these to the head, and helps the baby outVideo – Forceps Delivery
18 The Third StageAfter the baby is born, the mother often experiences a period of restShe may once again feel some contractions and an urge to push, but usually cause little discomfortThese help the placenta to separate from the wall of the uterusThe mother pushes and delivers the placentaAlthough this is usually brief, it is important. If any parts of the placenta remain, bleeding, infection and serious illness may result
19 Caesarean BirthNot all births progress through the three stages of labourIf complications arise during pregnancy or labour, it may be necessary to perform a caesareanA caesarean is the delivery of a baby by making a sugical incision in the mother’s abdomenWith an epidural, the mother can remain awake during the operationThe father or coach may be present as well, with permission of the doctorVideo- C-Section
20 Questions ??? What are contractions? How do they feel to the woman? Contrast real and false labourWhat is cervix? How does it change during labour?Why is the third stage of labour important?How does caesarean birth differ from vaginal birth?