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Preparing for Birth.

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Presentation on theme: "Preparing for Birth."— Presentation transcript:

1 Preparing for Birth

2 First Signs of Pregnancy
Missed menstrual period Full feeling – ache in lower abdomen Feeling faint or tired Urge to urinate Swollen or tender breasts Nausea

3 Medical Care/Prenatal Care
Initial Exam Blood Pressure Medical History Measurement of pelvis Analysis of urine Infection Diabetes Blood tests Anemia Rh factor Check on immunity to rubella Due Date Nine months and one week after the first day of final period

4 Subsequent Doctor Visits
Monthly until sixth or seventh month Twice a month and weekly during final month of pregnancy Blood pressure Urine analysis Weight is monitored Growth of baby

5 Specific Concerns Gestational Diabetes
24-28th week – Glucose tolerance test Baby may be unusually large Usually controlled by special diet or medication Most often goes away after birth of baby

6 Preeclampsia High blood pressure Protein present in urine
Moms kidneys working extra hard Can prevent baby from getting enough blood which provides oxygen and food Mom is monitored closely most often bed rest and/or medication

7 Discomforts…These are normal!
Nausea/vomiting Sleepiness Heartburn Shortness of breath Varicose veins Muscle cramps in legs Lower back pain

8 May be serious Vaginal Bleeding Unusual weight gain or loss
Excessive thirst Pain while urinating or diminished need Severe abdominal pain Persistent headaches Severe vomiting Fever Increased vaginal mucous Swelling/feet, ankles, face, hands Blurred vision/dizziness Prolonged backache

9 Nutrition Needs Protein Sources Build and repair tissue
Provide for growth Increased amount needed during pregnancy Sources Meat Poultry Beans Nuts Eggs Cheese

10 Vitamins Folic Acid Vitamin A One of the B Vitamins
Research shows it helps prevent Spina Bifida Enriched Grains Vitamin A Proper eye development Fruits and Vegetables Fortified low fat milk

11 Vitamins Vitamin D Vitamin C Proper development of bones and teeth
Fortified dairy foods Sunshine Vitamin C Healthy teeth and gums Connective tissue of skin bones and organs Moms immune system Fruits and vegetables

12 Minerals Iron Helps prevent anemia
Aids in developing baby’s own blood supply Stored in baby’s liver for use during first Dried beans Raisins Meats Leafy greens

13 Minerals Calcium and Phosphorous
Work together to keep moms bones and teeth strong Build baby’s bones and teeth Sources Dairy products

14 Carbohydrates Provide energy
Protect protein so it can be used in growth and development Sources Whole grain products Fruits Starchy vegetables Sugars should be eaten sparingly

15 Fats Provide energy Cushion mom’s vital organs
Transport certain vitamins so they can be used properly Sources Nuts Unsaturated fats Olive oil Should be eaten sparingly Most healthy diets provide plenty of fat

16 Pregnant? Eat Smart! Sensible and balanced diet
Adequate nutrition to fetus aids in brain development 300 more calories daily See chart on page 154 Guidelines for Healthy Eating

17 Nutrition and Pregnant Teens
Teens’ bodies have special nutritional needs Pregnancy places strain on any body Pay extra close attention to all nutritional needs Teen needs all the nutrients as she grows Baby needs nutrients for proper development

18 Weight Closely monitored by doctor 24-30 pounds recommended average
1 pound per month for first three months 4 – 6 month about half pound per week Too little or too much weight can be harmful to fetus

19 Preparing for Baby’s Arrival
Hopes Fears Worries Joys Anxiety Parenting tasks Communication Time Management Other children in the family Making room for baby Baby supplies Baby’s room Diapers!

20 Bottle or Breast Breast Best nutrition Bond between mom and baby
May boost brain development Reduce allergy risk Fewer digestive upsets Mom’s uterus returns to normal size quicker Reduce mom’s risk of ovarian or breast cancer Reduce risk of post partum depression Convenient Free Dad can’t help with feeding Mom always on call Baby eats more often May conflict with work schedule Sometimes painful

21 Bottle or Breast Bottle Allows dad to participate in feeding
Mom can have a more flexible schedule Mom doesn’t need to be concerned about diet or medications Baby eats less often Expensive Baby doesn’t gain natural immunities Risk of developing allergies May not offer close physical contact for baby

22 Budgeting Fixed Expenses Flexible Expenses Make a Plan
Reducing Expenses

23 Crib Safety Slats Paint Structure Sides 2 3/8 inch apart No lead paint
Corner posts all the same height Sides Lowered – 9 inches above mattress Raised – 26 inches above mattress

24 Crib Safety Latch Mattress End Panels Age
Never broken always latch securely Mattress Firm fit – no gaps End Panels Avoid baby’s head, arms and legs from becoming caught Age If pre-owned…check all safety features

25 Balancing Work And Family
Maternity Leave Paternity Leave Family Medical Leave Act Federal Law Employers with more than 50 workers must offer 12 weeks of unpaid leave to new moms and dads

26 Childbirth Options Prepared Childbirth Labor Delivery Education
Conditioning exercises Breathing techniques Labor Process of baby moving out of uterus through vagina to be born Delivery The birth itself

27 Childbirth Education Classes
How baby develops throughout pregnancy Warning signs for potential serious problems What to expect during labor

28 Childbirth Education Classes
Role of the coach Breathing and conditioning techniques to help with pain management How to make a Birth Plan Plan for labor and delivery Pain medication plan What to expect after the baby is born

29 Who Will Deliver the Baby
Obstetrician Family Doctor Licensed Midwife

30 Where Will the Baby Be Born?
Hospital Alternative Birth Center Home?


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