Presentation on theme: "Chapter 18: Cold War Conflicts"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 18: Cold War Conflicts Section 1:Origins of the Cold War
2 FDR dies on April 12th, 1945… Vice President Truman becomes the President of the U.S.
3 Objective…Explain the breakdown in relations between the U.S. and Soviet Union after World War II.
4 1. Describe the key economic & political differences between the Soviet & American systems of government…US differences…Soviet differences…Similarities between systems…
5 2. What political, military and technological actions taken before and after the war by the Soviets and Americans had increased tensions between the two nations?Political: Opposing systems of governmentMilitary: The Soviet non-aggression pact (1939)…The second front in Europe…Technological: The atomic bomb…Truman lacks diplomatic skills with Stalin
6 3. Why was the UN organized? To promote world peaceHow was the organizational goal of the UN compromised by the Soviet-American rivalry?Both countries used the UN to promote their respective political & economic ideologies.
8 4. What had the Soviets promised at Yalta Conference? - Germany is divided into occupational zones - Communist regimes in Poland & Yugoslavia - Free elections - Germany will pay reparations - The Soviets will enter the war against JapanChurchill, Roosevelt & Stalin
10 What happened to the Yalta promises at the Potsdam Conference? July, Stalin would not allow free elections in Eastern Europe… Satellite Nations will be established
11 Tensions Mounts Objective… Describe how the competing interests of the U.S. and Soviet Union further divided Europe.
12 5. What the Soviets wanted after the war? 5. What the U.S. wanted after the war?Self determination for all nations… spread democracyAccess to raw materialsMarkets for American goods in EuropeReunite Germany5. What the Soviets wanted after the war?Spread communismUse industrial equipment from Eastern Europe to rebuildKeep Germany weak & divided… no threat to the Soviet Union
13 6. & 7. I & E: Containment Policy – U.S. policies (economic & military) that would stop the spread of communism
14 The line dividing eastern & western Europe. 8. I & E: Iron Curtain –The line dividing eastern & western Europe.
16 Winston Churchill The “Iron Curtain Speech” Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri March 5, 1946
17 Objective….Describe how the Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan were designed to prevent the spread of Communism
18 9. The Cold WarAn indirect state of conflict between the US & USSR that would dominate global affairs & US Foreign Policy from
19 10. The Truman DoctrineThe U.S. would support Greece and Turkey with economic and military aid ($400M) to prevent them from falling under Soviet control . The announcement of the Truman Doctrine is considered the start of the Cold War.
20 THE FIRST SHIP CARRYING MARSHALL PLAN AID ARRIVES IN FRANCE,
21 11. What was the Marshall Plan? The U.S. provides aid to all European nations to help them rebuild. The main goal was to stop the spread of communism in western Europe.