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Chapter 18 Section 1 Origins of the Cold War
Former Allies Crash Problems building between the US and SU before and during WWII
Former Allies Crash Soviet Communism: State controlled all propertyAll economic activity Totalitarian Communist Party allowed no opposition party
Former Allies Crash The United States: Capitalist systemPrivate citizens controlled almost all property and economic activity
Former Allies Crash US furious at Stalin-Signed nonaggression pact with Hitler in 1939
Truman Becomes PresidentKey American figure in early part of the Cold War Became President when FDR died 82 days as Vice President-met with FDR only twice
Truman Becomes PresidentFDR left Truman uninformed on military matters
Truman Becomes PresidentWith the war ending Truman would have to Make difficult military decisions
Potsdam Conference Truman’s 1st meeting with other major world leaders-Potsdam, July 1945
Potsdam Conference Not only did the Soviets not allow free elections in Poland, but they banned democratic parties
Potsdam Conference Truman pushed for free elections-Stalin refused
Tension Mounts Refusal to allow free elections convinced Truman that American and Soviet goals were at odds
Tension Mounts Americans and British opposed Soviet demands
Tension Mounts At odds over Eastern EuropeUS wanted Eastern Europe to stay open to trade
Soviets Tighten Grips on Eastern EuropeSoviets felt justified to stay in Eastern Europe
Soviets Tighten Grips on Eastern EuropeStalin propped up communist governments in Eastern European nations The Satellite Nations-
Soviets Tighten Grips on Eastern EuropeStalin seized the industry of these nations to rebuild the Soviet Union
United States Establishes a Policy of ContainmentUS institutes a policy of Containment towards the Soviet Union
United States Establishes a Policy of ContainmentContainment Policy worked by: Creating alliances Supporting weaker nations
United States Establishes a Policy of ContainmentMarch 1946 Churchill gives his “Iron Curtain” speech
Cold War in Europe Conflicting US and Soviet aims in Eastern Europe led to the Cold War
Cold War in Europe During the Cold War, the US and Soviet Union tried to spread their economic and political influence wherever they could Eventually spread to Asia, Africa, and Latin America
The Truman Doctrine US 1st tried to contain communism in Greece and Turkey
The Truman Doctrine US spent $400 million to help Greece and Turkey
Marshall Plan After WWII, Europe was in economic chaos
Marshall Plan harsh winter Food shortages Fuel shortages
Marshall Plan June 1947 US Secretary of State George Marshall proposed that the US help
Marshall Plan Congress debated plan for several months Then…
Marshall Plan Invasions showed the need for congress to move quickly and help create strong, stable governments in Europe
Marshall Plan The Plan was a successBy 1952 Western Europe was flourishing
Superpowers Struggle Over GermanyEurope starts to get back on its feet Western allies and Soviets arguing over German reunification
Berlin Airlift 1948-Western Zones combine into 1 nationSoviets respond by holding Berlin Hostage
Berlin Airlift Soviets cut off all access to BerlinNo supplies could get in
Berlin Airlift Americans and British started the Berlin Airlift-fly food and supplies to West Berlin
Berlin Airlift 277,000 flights made delivering 2.3 million tons of supplies West Berlin survived
Berlin Airlift May 1949 West Germany becomes known as the Federal Republic of Germany with its capital at Bonn East Germany becomes German Democratic Republic with its capital in East Berlin
NATO Blockade increased fear of Soviet aggression
NATO NATO-North Atlantic Treaty OrganizationAn attack on one regarded as an attack on all
Chapter 26 Section 1 The U.S. and the U.S.S.R were allies but Different political systems (see the next two slides). Stalin signed the Non-Aggression.
Restructuring the Postwar World
Chapter 18 Section 1 Origins of the Cold War. Former Allies Crash Problems building between the US and SU before and during WWII Economic and political.
List 5 words that come to mind when you think of the Cold War…
Warm-up 1) Get a green book and open it to page ) Read the section titled “Key Players” about both Truman and Stalin. 3) Create a chart comparing.
18.1 Origins of the Cold War Kellie Caro Ashley Broderick
Attended by Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin. 1. Creation of the United Nations. 2. Stalin agrees to enter the Pacific war after the defeat of Germany.
3/25 Focus: Important Terms: Do Now:
US History II Chapter 26 Cold War Conflicts Section 1 Origins of the Cold War.
The Cold War 1. Essential Question How did WW2 help lead to the start of the Cold War? 2.
Cold War: Superpowers Face Off Yalta Conference February 1945 meeting of Churchill, Roosevelt & Stalin February 1945 meeting of Churchill, Roosevelt.
26.1- Origins of the Cold War
Chapter 18: Cold War Conflicts
The Cold War Begins Chapter 27 – Lesson 3.
Baltimore Polytechnic Institute April 11, 2011 U.S. History Mr. Green.
THE BEGINNINGS OF THE COLD WAR
Cold War Chapter 18 section 1.
Ms. Meeks Exeter High School
Chapter 26 The Cold War.
Bell Ringer – (4) 1.Who were America’s allies during WWII? 2.Who was victorious at the end of WWII? 3.The Soviet Union was a communist state. What do you.
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