From hand tools to large / complex machines From artisans to “task” workers Factories replaced home-based workers Manufacturing: Industrial Revolution first started in Britain. The United States quickly became Second! We stole the plans…… Thank Samuel Slater. Reasons for success: 1.Lots of available cheap labor. 2.Abundant natural resources. 3.Fast moving rivers. 4.Free Enterprise System!
America took a huge step forward when Francis C. Lowell opened several mills in NE Massachusetts in 1814. He introduced idea of mass producing cotton cloth in the US with his Boston Manufacturing Company. Of course he mostly hired women and children...
1832 Samuel F.B. Morse Electronic Messages over long distances Telegraph: Created by Samuel Morse in 1832, the first long distance line between D.C. and Baltimore was up by 1844. By 1860, there was 50,000 miles of wire to fill the demands of businessmen and journalists…..
Concept created by Eli Whitney Transformed one by one process into factory process Example: Gun Making Interchangeable Parts :
Labor Unions – Joining together to help improve working conditions in factories Strikes – work stoppage to force improvements Workers Organize : Factory conditions in the 1800’s were dark, dangerous, noisy and very dirty. Most workers simply demanded safer working conditions and a 10 hour work day. Early unions made small gains. In 1842, Massachusetts Supreme Court rule that union strikes were legal….
Women and children made up the bulk of factory workers because they got less than half the pay of a man…
US History Crash Course The Market Revolution Early Locomotives: One Hundred Years of Railroad Development