National & Regional Growth Map Activity 1.Wheeling and Vandalia 2. Hudson River 3. Lake Erie and the Ohio River 4. Toledo and Cincinnati 5. Erie Canal and Pennsylvania Canal 6. Chicago, Toledo, Cleveland, and Buffalo 7. Possible answer: merchant might send the goods up the Hudson River to Albany and then west along the Erie Canal to Buffalo
Read, “One American’s Story” p. 365 Now, examine the diagram of the New England textile mill p. 370 What do you notice about the mill? What might working conditions be like in these mills? Read, “Factories Rise in New England” p. 366
Industry develops & transforms America Late 1700s1790 After 1790 1801 18131830s Industrial Revolution begins in Britain as factories start to replace hand tools Samuel Slater builds first American spinning mill & uses children as labor Spinning mill owners begin to use entire families for labor Eli Whitney demonstrates the use of interchangeable parts Francis Cabot Lowell builds a factory that spins yarn & weaves cloth from it Factories begin to replace water power with steam engines
Early inventions change the way Americans do things 18071830 1831 1836 18371844 Robert Fulton launches the first steamship the Clermont, on the Hudson River Peter Cooper builds the first successful steam- powered locomotive Cyrus McCormick gains instant success by designing a mechanical reaper Blacksmith John Deere invents a lightweight plow with a steel cutting edge Samuel F.B. Morse invents the telegraph First long-distance telegraph line carries news from Baltimore to Washington D.C.
Invention Importance Textile Mills Interchangeable Parts Steamboat Telegraph Steel plow Mechanical Reaper Threshing Machine Brought workers, machines, & resources under one roof – transforms work. Parts are the same so assembly is faster Make travel upstream faster, easier Stronger, cuts better, faster. Cuts grain and makes harvesting faster Separates grain from stalk – harvesting is fas ter Communication is almost instant, links the nation
American Industrial Revolution Economic change in America (farming to manufacturing) Factory machines replaced hand tools Large scale manufacturing replaced farming as the main form of work.
Factory System Production system that brought workers & machines under one roof Built near a source of water power eventually used steam power Workers left farms & moved to cities Work for wages First factories were in New England
I’m a Factory Girl Filled with Wishes I'm a factory girl Everyday filled with fear From breathing in the poison air Wishing for windows! I'm a factory girl Tired from the 13 hours of work each day And we have such low pay Wishing for shorten work times! I'm a factory girl Never having enough time to eat Nor to rest my feet Wishing for more free time! I'm a factory girl Sick of all this harsh conditions Making me want to sign the petition! So do what I ask for because I am a factory girl And I'm hereby speaking for all the rest!