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Chapter 7 Growth and Division

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 7 Growth and Division"— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 7 Growth and Division
Section 2 Early Industry Chapter 7 Growth and Division

2 A Revolution in Transportation
Led to dramatic social and economic changes Roads and Turnpikes National Road=funded by the national gov’t in 1811 Only great federally funded transportation project of this time Most roads were built by states, localities, and private businesses By 1821, 4,000 miles of toll roads were built-> connected eastern cities (trade) Made profitable business


4 A Revolution in Transportation
Steamboats and Canals Rivers offered cheapest and fastest way to move goods Barges moved faster and carried more (downstream only) In 1807, Robert Fulton and Robert Livingston stunned the nation with the Clermont Steamboat that made upstream travel easier Growth of river travel=canal building growth

5 Clermont

6 Robert Fulton Robert Livingston

7 A Revolution in Transportation
The “Iron Horse” Railroads appeared in the early 1800’s Peter Cooper built Tom Thumb, carried 40 men and women from Baltimore, MD to Ellicott City, MD Traveled 10 mph Helped settle the west and expand trade in the U.S. Caused increase in national markets->iron and coal production greatly increased

8 Tom Thumb Peter Cooper

9 A New System of Production
Industrial Revolution- revolution in business and industry Began in England in the late 1700’s Shift from making goods at home by hand to mass producing goods by machines in factories Industrialization Sweeps the North Major factor that lead to industry in the U.S. was capitalism Free enterprise-> encouraged competition


11 Industrial Revolution

12 Industrial Revolution
Lowell Mills in Massachusetts

13 A New System of Production
In the 1830’s states encouraged industrialization Passed laws that allowed companies to become corporations->raise money by selling stock Why did industrialization begin in the northeast? Samuel Slater- Francis C. Lowell- Who mainly worked in the factories? Read pg. 248 (2nd column)

14 A New System of Production
Technological Advances New inventions and technological innovations spurred industrial growth Eli Whitney= popularized interchangeable parts Samuel B. Morse=created telegraph and Morse code Led to creation of AP (Associated Press) Rise of Large Cities Why did people begin moving to cities?

15 New Inventors Eli Whitney Samuel Morse

16 Rise of Large Cities Why did people begin moving to cities?
What happened as result? Workers Begin to Organize By 1860, there were over 1.3 million factory workers Labor Unions ->were formed to improve working conditions Wanted higher wages and 10 hr. work week Established little success

17 Family Farm Until late in the 1800’s, Farming was still the U.S.’s leading economic activity Employed more people and created most wealth of any other industry Was crucial in the North and the South-> had less industry, depended more on farming

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