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“It’s a Titletown Tuesday!” English III October 1 Mr. Houghteling
“It’s a Sentence Type Tuesday!” English III October 1, 2013 Mr. Houghteling
AGENDA Sentence Structure “Meet Joe Clark” completed. Review: How to write about effect.
Sentence Types Sentence Structure
Simple Sentences Simple sentences have just one clause. They may have additional phrases. Examples I went to the park to eat a hamburger. Katniss, Kylie, and Gale, my best friend from middle school, went to the playhouse and watched Shakespeare’s Hamlet.
Coordinating Conjunctions BOYSFAN but oror yet soso for and nor
Compound Sentence Two or more clauses joined with a coordinating conjunction. Using commas between clauses is NECESSARY for the ACT. Examples I went home, and I drank an orange pop. Doug did his math work, but he got some problems wrong.
Subordinating Conjunctions Most common subordinators AfterNow thatWhen AlthoughOnceWhenever AsSinceWhere BecauseThatWherever BeforeThoughWhile Even ifUnless IfUntil
Complex Sentences One independent clause with at least one dependent clause, often with the use of a subordinating conjunction. If you begin a sentence with a subordinating conjunction, there MUST be a comma after the first clause. Unless you want trouble, you should stop. If the subordinating conjunction comes after the independent clause, you do not need a comma. You should stop because I’m getting mad.
Compound-Complex Sentences Has at least two independent clauses— which are joined by a coordinating conjunction, and at least one dependent clauses, which often uses a subordinating conjunction. Examples Because I paid attention, I got an A on the test,and I was so happy. I went home because it was getting late, but I had to wait on the porch until my mom got home anyway.
Practice 1.Read and analyze each sentence. 2.Determine whether the sentence is simple, compound, complex, or compound-complex. 3.Write your answer.
1 The weather has been nice, but it may snow again any day.
2 Ever since the big blowout, she and I haven’t gotten along.
3 Dad brought candy because he felt bad.
4 If you want to go on the trip, you should bring your signed permission slip, and I’ll collect it before we go.
5 I left before the fight started.
6 Candy rots your teeth and TV makes you lazy, but I still like them.
7 He will call your home unless you are passing his class.
8 My father and my mother always believed in me.
How to write about effect QuotationDeviceEffect of the Device “(If) you treat them like animals, that’s exactly how they’ll behave!” LogosClark is establishing a cause and effect relationship: Animals need cages because they’re dangerous. Clark assumes that students are humans, not animals; thus to have cages is insulting.
How to write about effect QuotationDeviceEffect of the Device “(If) you treat them like animals, that’s exactly how they’ll behave!” Pathos Clark is implying that treating humans like animals is shameful.
How to write about effect QuotationDeviceEffect of the Device The promotion of Mr. Zarella and the demotion of Mr. Darnell. Ethos Clark attacks Darnell’s ethos because of Darnell’s failures.
How to write about effect QuotationDeviceEffect of the Device The promotion of Mr. Zarella and the demotion of Mr. Darnell. Pathos Clark is frustrated, so he acts on his frustration by demoting Darnell.
How to write about effect QuotationDeviceEffect of the Device “Discipline is not the enemy of enthusiasm!” Pathos Clark is trying to encourage teachers to be both disciplined and enthusiastic. He believes teachers can be both.
Read this slide: the owner of a neighborhood mini-mart a successful preacher a reformed gang member Consider the following scenario: You are a local community activist who needs to raise money to fund a program that will help stem violence in your community. You have three contacts: the owner of a neighborhood mini-mart who lives with his two teenage sons in your neighborhood, a successful preacher in your community whose sermons are syndicated across the country, and a reformed gang member whose memoir of his life of crime and transformation in prison has become a New York Times bestseller.
Lean on Me http://www.youtube.com/w atch?v=sWyLHU4ZaN0
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