Presentation on theme: "The Basic Elements of a Sentence Joachim brought a shy girl to my party. Joachim – noun (proper) and subject of sentence brought – verb (past tense of."— Presentation transcript:
The Basic Elements of a Sentence Joachim brought a shy girl to my party. Joachim – noun (proper) and subject of sentence brought – verb (past tense of to bring) a – article (indefinite) shy – adjective girl – noun and object to – preposition (introduces prepositional phrase) my – possessive pronoun (first person) party - noun
Subject and Predicate Joachim brought a shy girl to my party. subject of the sentence: Joachim predicate of the sentence: brought a shy girl to my party With a subject and a predicate, we have a CLAUSE; An independent clause can form a SIMPLE SENTENCE.
The Simple Sentence one independent clause (subject and predicate) Dogs bite. All of the students tried to understand the strangely unfamiliar grammar lesson.
The Compound Sentence two or more independent clauses joined by a co-ordinating conjunction (and, but, or, nor, for, yet, so) Dogs bite, but they are still better than cats. I call her all the time, yet she never calls back. The street was empty, and popcorn is inexpensive.
The Compound Sentence II two or more closely-related independent clauses joined by a semi-colon Their presentation was interesting; ours was riveting. I do not like coffee; I love it.
The Complex Sentence at least one independent clause and a dependent (subordinate) clause joined by a subordinating conjunction after, although, because, if, once, since, unless, when, while... (dozens) Anna holds her breath until she gets her way. If Mohammad tries to hold his breath, he goes unconscious.
The Compound-Complex Sentence at least two independent clauses and a dependent clause Pei laughed when Ali tripped; Ali did not laugh at all. Since we could not see into the bear’s den, we were not sure it was empty, so we waited.
The Comma I knew I was going to be late, so I went back to sleep. The required subjects are mathematics, physics, and English. I find that a shower a day, whether I need it or not, helps to keep my friendships intact. Although quiet by day, the club became a noisy, smoky dive at night. He said, “I really like your hair like that!”
The Semi-colon I’m too tired; however, I will try to stay awake. We should eat more legumes, such as chickpeas; fruit, including tomatoes; and grains, such as barley.
The Colon Eventually, only one thing occupied my every thought: eating. We do not need to think about many bodily functions: digestion, respiration, and blood circulation, for example. He said the wrong thing: “Your hair looks cute!”
The Apostrophe Apostrophe Protection Society (U.K.) use the apostrophe to form possessives use the apostrophe to indicate the omission of letters