Presentation on theme: "Avignon Exile (1309-1377) 1294 King Philip IV of France forced Pope Boniface VIII to pay taxes. Pope Boniface VIII refuses to pay taxes; King Philip IV."— Presentation transcript:
Avignon Exile (1309-1377) 1294 King Philip IV of France forced Pope Boniface VIII to pay taxes. Pope Boniface VIII refuses to pay taxes; King Philip IV elected a new pope.
Avignon Exile Clement V --French Pope 1309, moves the papacy to Avignon. He faced a fiscal crisis in Avignon. In order to relieve the fiscal crisis he utilized a number of methods.
Avignon Exile Dispensations---released a petitioner from requirements of canon law. Tithes---monies collected from parishioners. Indulgences---remissions of the temporal punishments for sin. They were given in return for monetary contributions to papacy.
Avignon Exile Pope Gregory XI---returns the papacy to Rome in 1377. He dies soon after he returns to Rome. Urban VI---was than elected pope; he served from 1378-1389. However, the French did not like Urban VI. This resulted in
Great Schism Council of Pisa 1409 It was convened by the Cardinals of both popes. They deposed both of them and elected a third. However, there was a problem. Does anybody want to guess?
Great Schism Council of Constance (1414-1418) Germany--Council delegates voted as nations. More than half were Italian. Result--Pisan and Avignon popes were deposed. Council persuaded the Roman pope to resign.
Great Schism Martin V elected pope over all Christians. He wanted Rome to become a major capital worthy of the papacy. He adopted new literary and artistic ideas of the Renaissance. He started building St. Peter’s Basilica.