Presentation on theme: "Section 1: The American Value System Section 2: Social Control"— Presentation transcript:
1 Section 1: The American Value System Section 2: Social Control CHAPTER 3Cultural Conformity and AdaptationSection 1: The American Value SystemSection 2: Social ControlSection 3: Social Change
2 Question: What basic values form the foundation of American culture? SECTION 1The American Value SystemQuestion:What basic values form the foundation of American culture?
3 Traditional American Values SECTION 1The American Value SystemTraditional American Values personal achievement individualism work morality and humanitarianism efficiency and practicality progress and material comfort equality and democracy
4 SECTION 2Social ControlQuestion:How are the norms of society enforced, and what are the four types of sanctions?
5 Social Control SECTION 2 ENFORCEMENT OF SOCIAL NORMS Internalization: Sanctions:rewards or punishments used to enforce conformity to normshow a norm becomes part of a person’s personality, thus conditioning the person to conform to society’s expectationsPositive:Negative:Formal:Informal:action that rewards a particular kind of behaviorpunishment or the threat of punishment to enforce conformityreward or punish-ment by a formal organization or regulatory agency, such as the governmentspontaneous expression of approval or disapproval by an individual or group
6 Question: What are the main sources of social change? Social Change SECTION 3Social ChangeQuestion:What are the main sources of social change?
7 Social Change SECTION 3 Source of Social Change Example Social Consequencevalues and beliefstechnologypopulationdiffusionphysical environmentwars and conquests
8 Chapter Wrap-Up CHAPTER 3 1. What are the core American values outlined by Robin M. Williams and James M. Henslin?2. What new American values have emerged in recent years?3. Identify the two methods through which society enforces norms.4. Explain the difference between positive sanctions and negative sanctions by giving and example of each.5. What role do government policies play in enforcing cultural values and social norms?6. How are the civil rights movement and the women’s rights movement examples of social change?7. How has cultural diffusion changed eating habits in the United States?8. For what reasons do people resist change?