2 Norms: The Rules We Live By Norms- are rules defining appropriate and inappropriate behavior.Norms are learned and society uses them to guide behavior.Norms are so ingrained that our behavior is affected with out our awareness.
3 3 Basic Norms: Folkways, Mores and Laws. Folkways: Norms that lack moral significance.Ex. Certain ways of dress, removing your hat when you eat.Not considered vital to group welfare.Not too big of deal if broken.Mores: Norms that have moral dimensions and that should be followed by members of the society.Norms with great moral significance.Vital to well-being of a society.
4 Mores continued… Difference between Folkways and Mores? Folkways: personal choice. (supporting sports)Mores: social requirement. (able bodied men work)Taboo- A rule of behavior, the violation of which calls for strong punishment.Ex. Hindu’s- killing of cows.Incest taboos-sexual contact with relatives.
5 Laws Laws: a norm that is formally defined and enforced by officials. Consciously created and enforced.Mores are important sources for laws.Can folkways become laws?YesExample: smoking
6 Enforcing the RulesSanctions- are rewards and punishments used to encourage people to follow norms.Two Different types:Formal & InformalFormal Sanctions- sanctions imposed by persons given special authority.ex. Medals for Soldiers, Grading by Teachers.
7 Sanctions continued…Informal Sanctions- Rewards or punishments that can be applied by most members of a group.Can be positive or negative.Used for a reason, not random.Ex. Positive- Helping someoneNegative- Shushing someone in a theatre
8 Values- The Basis for Norms What are Values?Values: are broad ideas about what is good or desirable shared by people in a society.Very general, do not dictate precise ways of thinking, feeling, or behaving.Different societies or groups in a societies can have different norms based on the same value.What are the importance of Values?-Influence human social behavior.-Forms the basis for norms.
9 Basic Values in the United States Sociologist Robin Williams (1970) - List of values that guides daily lives of people:Achievement and successActivity and workEfficiency and practicalityEqualityDemocracyGroup Superiority