2 A New Kind of Revolution PreviewStarting Points Map: Resources of Great BritainMain Idea / Reading FocusA Revolution in Great BritainA Revolution in TextilesSteam Powers the RevolutionFaces of History: James WattIndustrialization Spreads
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4 A New Kind of Revolution Main IdeaIn the 1700s conditions in Great Britain led to the rapid growth of the textile industry, which in turn led to huge changes in many other industries.Reading FocusWhy did the Industrial Revolution begin in Great Britain?How did industrialization cause a revolution in the production of textiles?How did steam power the Industrial Revolution?Where did industrialization spread beyond Great Britain?
5 A Revolution in Great Britain During the 1700s changes in technology began based on the use of power-driven machinery. This era is called the Industrial Revolution.Exploration and colonialismSeapowerPolitical stabilityGovernment supportGrowth of private investmentFactors for SuccessResearch and development on farmsJethro Tull, seed drillImproved livestock breedingBetter varieties of food cropsIncreased food supplyPopulation grewEnclosure movementAgricultural Factors
6 Britain’s Big Advantage The Industrial Revolution began in Great Britain.Had essential elements for economic successFactors of productionLandLaborCapital
7 Find the Main IdeaWhy was Great Britain in the 1700s ideally suited to be the birthplace of the Industrial Revolution?Answer(s): Colonies around the world supplied raw materials; powerful navy and merchant fleet facilitated trade; waterways provided power and transportation; enclosure movement led to large labor supply; private investors provided funds for investment; coal and iron deposits provided needed resources
8 A Revolution in Textiles Textile IndustryBeginning of Industrial RevolutionWeaving was a cottage industryLabor performed at homeIndustrialization transformed thisFabric made of wool or cottonSupply of fibers increased in the 1700sSlave labor in AmericaInvention of cotton ginInvention of spinning jennyInvention of flying shuttleNew Way of Making ClothCottages too smallFactory inventedPower for factories?Water frame for water powerOutput increased 8x by 1770Cloth-making in Factories
9 Identify Problem and Solution How did machines solve problems that weavers faced?Answer(s): spinning jenny and spinning frame spun thread into yarn, "flying shuttle" and power loom made weaving faster
10 Steam Powers the Revolution First successful steam engine in 1712Innovations by James WattSteam power versus water powerSteam locomotivesSteamshipsRobert FultonDevelopment of Steam EngineSteam engines needed large amounts of fuelWood scarceCoal mining industryChanging landscapesDangers of miningCoal for Steam Engines
12 Make GeneralizationsWhat impact did the steam engine have on the growth of British industry?Answer(s): major impact; used in textile mills, factories could be located away from rivers, powered locomotives and ships, led to development of coal as a resource, more factories built near northern coal mines
13 Industrialization Spreads Industrialization soon spread to western Europe and the United States. Other regions did not industrialize in the 1800s. What was it about Western countries that encouraged them to embrace industry?Political libertyFreedom to competeRewards reapedExploitation and improvementsWhy Western Countries?British restrictionsHamilton, 1791Samuel SlaterWater frameSlater’s MillLowell’s MillAmericaBelgium, 1807France, 1815Germany, 1850RailroadsTreatiesEurope
14 Industry in Asia Eventually, industry spread to Asia. Japan first in 1868Meiji governmentThe 1900s—industrialization forChinaIndiaRussia
15 Compare and ContrastHow did industrialization in Britain compare to the process in America and Europe?Answer(s): Britain industrialized first, America and Europe benefited from earlier inventions; Lowell factory in Massachusetts was first all-in-one mill; political issues delayed industrial development in continental Europe