2 Elements of CultureCulture – the way of life of a group of people who share similar beliefs and customsElements of CultureLanguageReligionSocial GroupsGovernmentEconomic ActivitiesCulture RegionsCultural Change
3 LanguageLanguage allows people to communicate and pass on cultural values and traditionsA shared language is one of the strongest unifying forces for a cultureDialect – a local version of a language that differs slightly from the main languageBoston Deep South
4 Religion Religious beliefs vary significantly around the world Religious differences can often lead to conflict, but religious similarities tie people together
5 Social Groups Family – people who are biologically related Social classes – groups of people based on wealth, education, ancestry, etc.Ethnic group – people who share a common language, history, and place of origin.
6 Government All governments have certain common traits: Maintains order within the countryProvides protection from outside dangersSupplies services to the peopleGovernments are typically organized by region (local, regional, national) and by type of authority (one ruler, a group of leaders, etc.)
7 Culture RegionsGeographers have divided the earth into several culture regionsCulture regions may share similar economic systems, forms of government, social groups, religions, histories, etc.
11 Cultural ChangeCultures change over time through a process called cultural diffusionExample – The Agricultural RevolutionAround 10,000 years ago humans began to stop roaming the land and began to settle down. They started planting crops and became farmersThe Agricultural Revolution
12 Culture HearthsCulture hearths are where the world’s first civilizations beganThe world’s main culture hearths include what is now Egypt, Iraq, Pakistan, China, and Mexico.All 5 of these areas had similar characteristics that made them suitable for starting a civilization: fertile land and near a source of waterCivilizations