Presentation on theme: "Culture The way of life of a group of people who share beliefs and similar customs."— Presentation transcript:
1 CultureThe way of life of a group of people who share beliefs and similar customs
2 2 Kinds of culture:Material culture – things people make; food, clothing, art, architecture, technologyNonmaterial culture – things that are necessary for society, but not objects – religion, language, government systems, patterns of behavior, education systems & attitudes about the roles of men & women
3 Cultural DiffusionSpreading of knowledge, skills, and ideas from one group or individual to another. Examples: trade, migration, war
4 Cultural ConvergenceOccurs when skills, arts, ideas, habits, and institutions of one culture come in contact with those of another culture.Things blend
5 Cultural DivergenceWhen there are restrictions on a culture from outside influences.Repressive governments often restrictMovement into and out of the countryTransportation & communication (radio transmissions, newspapers, internet, etc.) into a country
6 Culture Hearths Where civilizations began and spread. Mesopotamia – between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, IraqNile River Valley – along Nile River, EgyptIndus River Valley – along Indus River, PakistanShang – along the Yellow River, ChinaAlso – Ganges (India) and Mesoamerica (Mexico) a little later.
15 Ethnocentrism Belief in the superiority of one’s own ethnic group. When taken to extreme – can be racism.
16 MigrationMovement of people from place to place
17 Push FactorsFactors that would promote migration AWAY from an area (famine, war, poverty)
18 Pull FactorsFactors that would promote migration TO an area (jobs, better schools, family)
19 Population Distribution Pattern of human settlement – where do people actually liveMain factor in distribution is geographyPopulation DENSITY does not take into consideration uneven settlement patterns.
21 Culture RegionAn area that includes many different cultures that have certain traits in common (economic systems, religion, government systems, and social groups)See map on page 83 for our text. We will use:US & CanadaEurope & RussiaLatin AmericaSouthwest Asia & North AfricaAfrica South of the SaharaSouth AsiaEast and Southeast AsiaOceania
22 CivilizationHighly organized, city-based society with and advanced knowledge of farming, trade, government, art, and science.
23 Agricultural / Neolithic Revolution 10,000 years ago, humans began growing crops on permanent settlements.
24 Industrial Revolution Late 1700s AD – industrialization and mass production. Factories and machines replaced agriculture.Started in Britain because of availability of iron ore, coal, and workers
25 Information Revolution End of the 1900s (20th Century)Computers began to make it possible to store huge amounts of information and send it instantly around the worldComputers aided humans in jobs
26 DemographicsStudy of human population statistics
27 ZPG – Zero Population Growth When birth rates and death rates are equal.This is the goal of developed nations.
28 Doubling TimeThe amount of time it will take for a population to double in sizeAt current rate – the world will have 12 billion by 2050