2 World PopulationThe worlds population was grown rapidly over the past 200 years, creating new challengesThe Reasons:Better healthcare, living conditions, and food has led to a decrease in the death rateAn increase in healthy births, mostly in Asia, Africa, and Latin AmericaChallenges of Population Growth:Food, water, and housing shortages caused by things like warThe need for more services like hospitals and schools
5 Where People Live Population Distribution: The Earth’s population is not evenly distributedMost people live in urban areas instead of rural areasWhere are the most population areas around the world?Population Density – a way to figure out how crowded a country is. It is based on an average.Malaysia vs. Norway: Nearly the same square milesBut Norway was 40 people per square mile while Malaysia has 250 people per square mile
10 Population MovementLarge numbers of people migrate from one place to anotherInternal Migration – when people in the same country move from one part of the country to the otherUsually from rural areas to citiesThis results in urbanization, or the growth of citiesEmigrate – leaving the country from where you were born and move to another countryThey are emigrants from their homeland and immigrants in the new country
11 Why do People Move? There are “push” factors and “pull” factors What are some examples of each?Some people are forced to flee their countries to escape wars, persecution, or natural disastersThey are called refugeesIn the 90s, 2 mill people fled Rwanda to escape mass killings
12 Impact of MigrationThese mass movements of people have huge impacts on both the place they leave and the new place they call homeWhat are some of those impacts?
13 Global Cultures What is culture? A way of life for a group of people who share the same beliefs and customs.How would you describe the culture of Utah?
14 Social GroupsThese are different groups in society in which people belongThe family is the most important social group in every societyWhich social groups do you belong to?Pride in one’s social groups can lead to ethnocentrism
26 Government Democracy – Power is held by the people Monarchy – Government is controlled by a king or a queenDictatorship – an all-powerful leader rules by forceTheocracy – Government is ruled by the church or religious figure
27 EconomyHow different cultures use their resources and trade with othersCapitalism vs. socialism vs. communism
28 Cultural ChangeInventions and technology can change one civilization into anotherExamples? What do you think is the most important invention in history?Cultural Diffusion – the process of spreading idea, languages, and customs form one culture to anotherTrade, the movement of people, conquest, and mass communication can cause cultural diffusion
29 Regional and Global Cultures Culture Region – different countries or land areas share a similar culture.Every country does have its own unique culture as wellCultural barriers are beginning to break down due to globalizationWhat is the main driving force behind globalization?