2Helping VerbsWhen talking about past events, you use the conversational past tense.It consists of the present tense forms of haben and sein and a form of the verb called the past participle.
3Helping Verbs Sein – to be Verbs that use sein as their helping verb fall into one of three categories:Movement – Any verb expressing movement from one place to anotherBleiben (to stay) – Past Participle gebliebenSein (to be) – Past Participle gewesen
4Helping Verbs Haben – to have Verbs that use haben as their helping verb fall into one category:Everything ElseThe verb haben (to have) also falls into this category.Haben (to have) – Past Participle gehabt
5Helping Verbs Examples! Ich habe meine Tante besucht. Ich bin um den See gegangen.
6Past Participle Prefix Most Past Participles have the prefix ge-:gemachtgelesengespieltgesehengearbeitetgefahren
7Weak VerbsThe Past Participle of so-called regular or weak verbs end in t:Regular verbs are verbs that take the regular form of conjugation.Ich: -e Wir: -enDu: -st Ihr: -tEr/Sie/Es: -t Sie/sie: -enMOST weak verbs (not all) will be regular verbs.
8Weak Verbs Formula: Add the prefix ge to the beginning of the verb. Since these verbs are weak, we can easily break them. So, break of the ending of the verb (-en/-n) and put a –t back in place of the original ending.Machen (to do)gemachengemacht
9Strong VerbsThe Past Participle of so-called irregular or strong verbs end in –en (the infinitive):Irregularr verbs are verbs that take a spelling change when they are conjugated.Example: Lesen (to read) The du and er/sie/es forms add an I to the conjugation.Most strong verbs (not all) will be irregular verbs.
10Strong Verbs Formula: Add the prefix ge- to the beginning of the verb. Since these verbs are strong, they cannot be broken. Therefore, we do not change the ending.Lesen (to read)gelesen
11-ieren VerbsThe Past Participles of verbs ending in –ieren do not have the prefix ge-:These verbs will lose there –en ending and will have a –t put back in place of the original ending.Fotografieren (to photograph) fotografiertSpazieren (to walk/stroll) spaziert
12Inseparable Prefix Verbs The Past Participles of verbs that have an inseparable prefix do not add the prefix ge-:These verbs will lose there –en ending and will have a –t put back in place of the original ending.Besuchen (to visit, as in a person) besuchtBesichtigen (to visit, as in a place) besichtigt
13Inseparable Prefix Verbs There is one Inseparable Prefix Verb that will not take the –t ending when it is used in the Past Participle form.Gefallen (to please) – Past Participle: gefallen
14Separable Prefix Verbs The Past Participles of verbs that have a separable prefix keep the ge-.These verbs are separated and the ge- is inserted between the prefix and the verb.Mitkommen (to come with)mit – kommenmit – ge – kommenmitgekommen
15Most Verbs . . . Most verbs in German are regular or weak. Therefore, unless you have learned otherwise:Form the Past Participle with –tForm the Prefix with ge-The Helping Verb is haben
16Examples of Weak Verbs Gearbeitet Gefaulenzt Gefilmt Gehabt Gehört GekauftGemachtGemähtGeschenktGespieltGewohntFotografiertBesuchtBesichtigt
17Examples of Strong Verbs GegebenGegessenGelesenGesehenGeholfenGetrunken
18Examples of Verbs with Sein Ist gekommenIst gefahrenIst gewandertIst spaziertIst gelaufenIst gebliebenIst geschwommenIst gewesenIst gegangenRefer to pages R34-R36 in the back of your German textbook to see the verb chart.All verbs that take sein as their helping verb will have ist in front of the verb.If you cannot find the verb you are looking for in the back of your book, then assume that the verb is weak and that the helping verb is haben.
19Other InformationRefer to pages R34-R36 in the back of your German textbook to see the verb chart.All verbs that take sein as their Helping Verb will have ist in front of the verb.If you cannot find the verb you are looking for in the back of your book, then assume that the verb is weak and that the Helping Verb is haben.