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Das Perfekt The Past (Perfect) Tense This is used to describe what has happened in the PAST.

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Presentation on theme: "Das Perfekt The Past (Perfect) Tense This is used to describe what has happened in the PAST."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Das Perfekt The Past (Perfect) Tense This is used to describe what has happened in the PAST

3 Examples in English I have eaten pizza I have watched Big Brother on the TV I have surfed the net I have had a shower I have listened to the Radio One Roadshow I have fed my cat I have invited my friends to a party

4 In English we often omit the have: I saw Spiderman at the cinema I went to the disco last night I went roller-skating at the weekend I helped my Dad with the barbeque I went bowling with the family I ate a Big Mac as a treat IN GERMAN the have is always included.

5 There are two ingredients needed for the Past Tense: I have eaten pizza I have surfed the net The have is called the: AUXILIARY VERB The eaten, surfed are called the: PAST PARTICIPLES i.e. the Past forms of the verbs to eat, to surf

6 Auxiliary Verb haben ich habe du hast er hat sie hat es hat wir haben ihr habt sie haben Sie haben I have You (fam. sing) have He has She has It has We have You (fam. pl.) have They have You (polite) have

7 The Past Participle To make the Past Participle 1. Take the INFINITIVE OF THE VERB (i.e. the form in the dictionary) e.g. spielen = to play, basteln = to do DIY 2. Put a GE on the front: spielen – GEspielen basteln – GEbasteln 3. Remove the final en or n and add a T GEspielen – GEspielT GEbasteln – GEbastelT

8 Make PAST PARTICIPLES from: tanzen – GEtanzen – GEtanzT = danced 1.kochen = to cook

9 Make PAST PARTICIPLES from: tanzen – GEtanzen – GEtanzT = danced 1.kochen = to cook kochen – GEkochen – GEkochT = cooked

10 Make Past Participles from: Tanzen – GEtanzen – GEtanzT = danced 2. malen = to paint

11 Make Past Participles from: Tanzen – GEtanzen – GEtanzT = danced 2. malen – GEmalen – GEmalT = painted

12 Make Past Participles from: Tanzen – GEtanzen – GEtanzT = danced 3. lernen = to learn

13 Make Past Participles from: Tanzen – GEtanzen – GEtanzT = danced 3. lernen – GElernen – GElernT = learnt

14 Make Past Participles from: Tanzen – GEtanzen – GEtanzT = danced 4. wohnen = to live

15 Make Past Participles from: Tanzen – GEtanzen – GEtanzT = danced 4. wohnen – GEwohnen – GEwohnT - lived

16 Make Past Participles from: Tanzen – GEtanzen – GEtanzT = danced 5. kaufen = to buy

17 Make Past Participles from: Tanzen – GEtanzen – GEtanzT = danced 5. kaufen – GEkaufen – GEkaufT = bought

18 AUXILIARY VERB + PAST PARTICIPLE = PERFECT TENSE Ich habe gekocht Ich habe gelernt Ich habe gewohnt Ich habe gemalt Ich habe gekauft

19 ACHTUNG! Verbs ending in ten, nen or den add an ET to the end of the PAST PARTICIPLE in order to make pronunciation easier: arbeiten = to work GEarbeiten – GEarbeitET – worked

20 ACHTUNG! Verbs ending in ten, nen or den add an ET to the end of the PAST PARTICIPLE in order to make pronunciation easier: regnen = to rain GEregnen – GEregnET – rained

21 ACHTUNG! Verbs ending in ten, nen or den add an ET to the end of the PAST PARTICIPLE in order to make pronunciation easier: baden = to have a bath GEbaden – GEbadET – had a bath

22 ACHTUNG Verbs beginning with: BE, EMPF, ENT, ER, MISS, VER, ZER DO NOT add a GE to front of the PAST PARTICIPLE

23 NO GE ON PAST PARTICIPLE besuchen = to visit Ich habe besucht I have visited

24 NO GE ON PAST PARTICIPLE bezahlen = to pay Ich habe bezahlt I have paid

25 NO GE ON PAST PARTICIPLE verkaufen = to sell Ich habe verkauft I have sold

26 NO GE ON PAST PARTICIPLE Also verbs ending in ieren do not add a GE to the front of the past participle: reparieren = to repair Ich habe repariert.

27 NO GE ON PAST PARTICIPLE Also verbs ending in ieren do not add a GE to the front of the past participle: telefonieren = to telphone Ich habe telefoniert.

28 WEAK (REGULAR) VERBS Verbs which make their PAST PARTICIPLE by adding a GE to the front of the verb and a T to the end are called WEAK VERBS or REGULAR VERBS (they behave exactly according to a pattern) e.g. Ich habe gespielt – I have played

29 WEAK (REGULAR) VERBS Even verbs which DO NOT add a GE to the front of the PAST PARTICIPLE but which do end in T are called WEAK or REGULAR: E.g. Ich habe besucht – I have visited Ich habe mich rasiert – I have had a shave

30 Have you mastered it? Now have a go at the Perfect Tense Weak Verb worksheet.

31 RICHTIG ODER FALSCH ? A: 1. Ich habe gefragt. 2. Ich habe gehoert. 3. Ich habe gesagt. 4. Ich habe gespart.

32 RICHTIG ODER FALSCH ? A: 5. Ich habe gelacht. 6. Ich habe gesammelt. 7. Ich habe getraeumt. 8. Ich habe gemachtt.

33 RICHTIG ODER FALSCH ? B: 9. Ich habe geantwortet. 10. Ich habe geoeffnet. 11. Ich habe gearbeitet. 12. Ich habe gewartet.

34 RICHTIG ODER FALSCH ? C: 13. Ich habe bestellt. 14. Ich habe telefoniert. 15. Ich habe vorbereitet. 16. Ich habe repariert

35 How do I know if a verb is weak? Look up the verb spielen in the Malvern Guide dictionary. What information is given to you?

36 WEAK (REGULAR) VERBS spielen v reg. to play This means that the verb is Weak or Regular.


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