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STRONG (IRREGULAR) VERBS These are verbs which do not form the Past Participle in the usual way.

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Presentation on theme: "STRONG (IRREGULAR) VERBS These are verbs which do not form the Past Participle in the usual way."— Presentation transcript:

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2 STRONG (IRREGULAR) VERBS These are verbs which do not form the Past Participle in the usual way.

3 STRONG (IRREGULAR) VERBS DO NOT obey the rules. You have to learn their PAST PARTICIPLES by heart. Generally they begin with GE and end inEN

4 They do not obey the rule: 1. Take the INFINITIVE OF THE VERB (i.e. the form in the dictionary) e.g. spielen = to play, basteln = to do DIY 2. Put a GE on the front: spielen – GEspielen basteln – GEbasteln 3. Remove the final en or n and add a T GEspielen – GEspielT GEbasteln – GEbastelT

5 HOW DO I KNOW IF A VERB IS STRONG (IRREGULAR)? 1. Look the verb up in the dictionary: 2. Using the MALVERN GUIDE dictionary: - Look up the verb to write

6 You will find: Write – schreiben v irreg. This means that schreiben is a verb and that it is irregular (or Strong).

7 To find the Past Participle of a Strong (Irregular) verb: 1. Go to the BACK of the Malvern Guide dictionary (Page 210) to the Verb Tables. 2. Here you will find all the Strong (irregular) verbs listed. 3. Find schreiben (Page 213)

8 To find the Past Participle of a Strong (Irregular) verb: 4. The 1st column is the INFINITIVE form. 5. The 2nd column gives the he/she/it form in the Present Tense. 6. The 3rd column gives the he/she/it form in the Imperfect Tense. 7. The 4th column gives the he/she/it form in the Perfect Tense. This is what you want. 8. The 5 th column gives the English.

9 4 th Column in the Verb Tables This gives the PAST PARTICIPLE of Strong or Irregular Verbs. If the Past Participle has an * beside it do not worry. All that this means is that you say: Ich bin ge somethining instead of:Ich habe ge something WE SHALL BE DOING MORE WORK ON THIS LATER ON!

10 Now try the worksheet: MALVERN GUIDE VERB TABLES - STRONG (IRREGULAR) VERBS IN THE PERFECT TENSE. USE THE VERB TABLES TO FIND HOW TO WRITE THE VERBS IN THE PERFECT TENSE.

11 REMINDER: Auxiliary Verb haben ich habe du hast er hat sie hat es hat wir haben ihr habt sie haben Sie haben I have You (fam. sing) have He has She has It has We have You (fam. pl.) have They have You (polite) have

12 RICHTIG ODER FALSCH ? 1. Ich habe gebacken. 2. Ich habe gebissen. 3. Ich habe beschlossen. 4. Ich bin geblieben. 5. Ich habe gedacht. 6. Ich habe gegessen.

13 RICHTIG ODER FALSCH ? 7. Er hat gelesen. 8. Er hat genommen. 9. Er hat genannt. 10. Er hat gerufen. 11. Er hat geschossen. 12. Er hat gesehen.

14 RICHTIG ODER FALSCH ? 13. Wir haben geschlafen. 14. Wir haben geschlossen. 15. Wir haben geschnitten. 16. Wir haben geschrieben.

15 RICHTIG ODER FALSCH ? 17. Sie haben gesprochen. 18. Sie haben vergessen. 19. Sie haben versprochen. 20. Sie haben verloren.

16 ACHTUNG Strong or Irregular Verb Past Participles usually start in GE and end in EN. Just as with Weak or Regular Verbs if they start in be, empf, ent, er, miss, ver, zer they do not start with a GE.


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