Presentation on theme: "German has both definite and indefinite relative pronouns. In this video, we will focus on the use of definite relative pronouns in German. The most often."— Presentation transcript:
German has both definite and indefinite relative pronouns. In this video, we will focus on the use of definite relative pronouns in German. The most often used relative pronouns in English are who, what and which. Basic Rules for Relative Pronouns in German: 1)In German, relative pronouns must be used. 2)When writing, commas must be used before introducing a relative clause 3)Relative pronouns act much like subordinating conjunctions in German in that they send the primary conjugated verb to the end of the relative clause.
A definite relative pronoun must agree in gender and number with the noun or pronoun to which it refers which is often called the antecedent. The case of the relative pronoun is determined by its use within the relative clause. Das ist der Hund, den ich gesehen habe. Antecedent: Noun which the relative pronoun refers back to. Relative clause is set off by the use of a comma. Relative Pronoun: agrees with antecedent in number and gender….changed to reflect that in this sentence it is being used as a direct object, therefore, accusative case. Conjugated 1 st verb is pushed to the end of the relative clause.
Look at this chart on how the definite relative pronouns change depending upon the case (or if you prefer – the function) of how it is used in the sentence. Case/PersonMasculine (der)Feminine (die)Neuter (das)Plural (die) Nominativederdiedasdie Accusativedendiedasdie Dativedemderdemdenen Genitivedessenderendessenderen To ease understanding of the use of definite relative pronouns, we will cover the use of relative pronouns in each of the above cases with a separate video.
Unlike English, a German relative pronoun that is part of a prepositional phrase must stay with that preposition. Look at the example below. Is that the man you spoke with? Ist das der Mann, mit dem du gesprochen hast? Preposition separated Preposition still attached in front of relative pronoun and proceeded by comma.