2 Present Tense Verb Forms What does to conjugate a verb mean?
3 Present Tense Verb Forms To conjugate a verb means to change the form of the verb so it agrees with the subject.
4 Present Tense Verb Forms In order to do that you need to know the infinitive of the verb.An infinitive is a verb form that expresses action or condition without reference to person, tense, or number.
5 Present Tense Verb Forms In English, infinitives are listed in the dictionaries with “to”Examples:to walk, to run, to swim, to read, …
6 Present Tense Verb Forms In German, infinitives end in –en (in a few cases they end in –n).Examples:heissen, kommen, sein, …
7 Present Tense Verb Forms Before you can conjugate a regular verb, you need to know the stem.You find the stem by taking the –en of the infinitive.
8 Present Tense Verb Forms Let’s use the regular verbgehen (to walk)Take off the –enYour stem is geh
9 Present Tense Verb Forms The present tense of the regular verb gehen requires the following endings for singular pronouns.ich geh + e = gehe (I go)du geh + st = gehst (you go)er geh + t = geht (he goes)sie geh + t = geht (she goes)es geh + t = geht (it goes)
10 Present Tense Verb Forms The present tense of the regular verb gehen requires the following ending for plural pronouns.wir geh + en = gehen (we go)ihr geh + t = geht (you go)sie geh + en = gehen (they go)Sie geh + en = gehen (you go,sing. & pluralformal)
11 Present Tense Verb Forms Note:If the stem of the verb in the du-form ends in s or β, then the “s” in the ending is dropped.
12 Example:The stem of heiβen is heiβ, drop the “s” and only add the “t” for the du-form.Du heiβt Martina.