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Present Tense Verb Forms Regular Verbs. Present Tense Verb Forms What does to conjugate a verb mean? What does to conjugate a verb mean?

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Presentation on theme: "Present Tense Verb Forms Regular Verbs. Present Tense Verb Forms What does to conjugate a verb mean? What does to conjugate a verb mean?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Present Tense Verb Forms Regular Verbs

2 Present Tense Verb Forms What does to conjugate a verb mean? What does to conjugate a verb mean?

3 Present Tense Verb Forms To conjugate a verb means to change the form of the verb so it agrees with the subject. To conjugate a verb means to change the form of the verb so it agrees with the subject.

4 Present Tense Verb Forms In order to do that you need to know the infinitive of the verb. In order to do that you need to know the infinitive of the verb. An infinitive is a verb form that expresses action or condition without reference to person, tense, or number. An infinitive is a verb form that expresses action or condition without reference to person, tense, or number.

5 Present Tense Verb Forms In English, infinitives are listed in the dictionaries with to In English, infinitives are listed in the dictionaries with to Examples: Examples: to walk, to run, to swim, to read, … to walk, to run, to swim, to read, …

6 Present Tense Verb Forms In German, infinitives end in –en (in a few cases they end in –n). In German, infinitives end in –en (in a few cases they end in –n). Examples: Examples: heissen, kommen, sein, … heissen, kommen, sein, …

7 Present Tense Verb Forms Before you can conjugate a regular verb, you need to know the stem. Before you can conjugate a regular verb, you need to know the stem. You find the stem by taking the –en of the infinitive. You find the stem by taking the –en of the infinitive.

8 Present Tense Verb Forms Lets use the regular verb Lets use the regular verb gehen (to walk) gehen (to walk) Take off the –en Take off the –en Your stem is geh Your stem is geh

9 Present Tense Verb Forms The present tense of the regular verb gehen requires the following endings for singular pronouns. The present tense of the regular verb gehen requires the following endings for singular pronouns. ich geh+ e = gehe(I go) ich geh+ e = gehe(I go) du geh+ st = gehst(you go) du geh+ st = gehst(you go) er geh+ t = geht(he goes) er geh+ t = geht(he goes) sie geh+ t = geht(she goes) sie geh+ t = geht(she goes) es geh + t = geht(it goes) es geh + t = geht(it goes)

10 Present Tense Verb Forms The present tense of the regular verb gehen requires the following ending for plural pronouns. The present tense of the regular verb gehen requires the following ending for plural pronouns. wir geh+ en = gehen(we go) wir geh+ en = gehen(we go) ihr geh+ t = geht(you go) ihr geh+ t = geht(you go) sie geh+ en = gehen(they go) sie geh+ en = gehen(they go) Sie geh+ en = gehen(you go, Sie geh+ en = gehen(you go, sing. & plural sing. & plural formal) formal)

11 Present Tense Verb Forms Note: Note: If the stem of the verb in the du-form ends in s or β, then the s in the ending is dropped. If the stem of the verb in the du-form ends in s or β, then the s in the ending is dropped.

12 Example: The stem of heiβen is heiβ, drop the s and only add the t for the du-form. The stem of heiβen is heiβ, drop the s and only add the t for the du-form. Du heiβt Martina. Du heiβt Martina.


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