2Present Tense Verb Forms What does to conjugate a verb mean?
3Present Tense Verb Forms To conjugate a verb means to change the form of the verb so it agrees with the subject.
4Present Tense Verb Forms In order to do that you need to know the infinitive of the verb.An infinitive is a verb form that expresses action or condition without reference to person, tense, or number.
5Present Tense Verb Forms In English, infinitives are listed in the dictionaries with “to”Examples:to walk, to run, to swim, to read, …
6Present Tense Verb Forms In German, infinitives end in –en (in a few cases they end in –n).Examples:heissen, kommen, sein, …
7Present Tense Verb Forms Before you can conjugate a regular verb, you need to know the stem.You find the stem by taking the –en of the infinitive.
8Present Tense Verb Forms Let’s use the regular verbgehen (to walk)Take off the –enYour stem is geh
9Present Tense Verb Forms The present tense of the regular verb gehen requires the following endings for singular pronouns.ich geh + e = gehe (I go)du geh + st = gehst (you go)er geh + t = geht (he goes)sie geh + t = geht (she goes)es geh + t = geht (it goes)
10Present Tense Verb Forms The present tense of the regular verb gehen requires the following ending for plural pronouns.wir geh + en = gehen (we go)ihr geh + t = geht (you go)sie geh + en = gehen (they go)Sie geh + en = gehen (you go,sing. & pluralformal)
11Present Tense Verb Forms Note:If the stem of the verb in the du-form ends in s or β, then the “s” in the ending is dropped.
12Example:The stem of heiβen is heiβ, drop the “s” and only add the “t” for the du-form.Du heiβt Martina.