Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Chapter 3 The Constitution

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Chapter 3 The Constitution"— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 3 The Constitution

2 Fun Facts!

3 The U.S. Constitution Outlines the U.S. government
Establishes the ruling principles of that government

4 Preamble – What does it mean?
We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.

5 Parts of the U.S. Constitution
Section Purpose Preamble Introduces reasons for creating the document Article I Outlines the legislative branch Article II Outlines the executive branch Article III Outlines the judicial branch Article IV Discusses relations between the states and between the states and the national government Article V Describes how to amend the Constitution Article VI Declares the Constitution to be the supreme law of the land Article VII Lists requirements for ratifying the Constitution 27 amendments Modifications to the Constitution Note to teachers: This chart corresponds with Figure 3.1 of textbook, page 69.

6 Basic Principles of the U.S. Constitution
There are five basic principles of the U.S. Constitution: Limited government Popular sovereignty Federalism Separation of powers Checks and balances These principles resulted from agreements and debate of the Constitutional Convention, 1787.

7 The Three Branches of Government
Article I - Legislative branch: Makes laws Article II - Executive branch: Executes, or carries out, laws Article III - Judicial branch: Interprets laws and judges whether they have been broken

8 Article IV – Relations among the states
Section 1 – Full Faith and Credit Clause States must grant each other “full faith and credit” on “public acts, records, and judicial proceedings” Means legal decisions of states must be respected and held to by other states Section 2 – Privileges and Immunities Clause States must grant residents of other states all “privileges and immunities” they give to their own residents

9 Article V –Amendment the constitution
2 ways to propose an amendment 1. 2/3 vote in both houses of Congress All 27 Amendments were proposed this way 2. Constitutional Convention requested by 2/3 of the states Has never been used 2 ways to ratify amendment 1. 3/4 of state legislatures approve it 26 of the 27 Amendments were ratified this way 2. 3/4 of conventions called by the states approve it Only the 21st Amendment was ratified this way

10 Article VI – Role of the National Government
Section 2 – Supremacy Clause Federal laws are always supreme over state laws, U.S. Constitution is supreme over all state constitutions

11 Article VII – Ratification of the Constitution
Only 9 of the 13 states had to ratify the constitution

12 Amendments 27 total First ten- bill of rights

13 Constitution Crossword

14 Constitution I.Q. Survey

15 These are awesome! And you get to memorize them!
The Bill of Rights These are awesome! And you get to memorize them!

16 The 1st Amendment Freedom of Religion
Establishment Clause – government cannot establish a religion Free Exercise Clause – government cannot prohibit you from practicing religion Freedom of Speech Freedom of the Press Right to Assembly Right to Petition

17 The 2nd Amendment The Right to Bear Arms

18 The 3rd Amendment No Quartering of Soldiers in Times of Peace

19 The 4th Amendment Protection Against Unreasonable Search and Seizure

20 The 5th Amendment No Double Jeopardy (Can’t be charged with the same crime twice) Protection against self-incrimination Guarantee of Due Process of Law Government can’t take property without just compensation

21 The 6th Amendment Right to a Criminal Trial by Jury
Trial must be speedy, public Must be in the state where the crime was committed Right to legal counsel Right to call witnesses favorable to the defendant

22 The 7th Amendment Right to a Civil Trial by Jury
Civil – not criminal, typically a lawsuit for money or to repeal a government action

23 The 8th Amendment Protection Against Cruel and Unusual Punishment

24 The 9th Amendment Rights Retained by the People
In other words, just because a right isn’t listed here in the Constitution doesn’t mean that people don’t have that right

25 The 10th Amendment Powers Reserved for the States
All powers that are not given to the national government are reserved for the states

26 Other Amendments Amendments 11-27 Research your assigned amendment
Create an informational poster Present to class

Download ppt "Chapter 3 The Constitution"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google