Presentation on theme: "Goals and Principles of the Constitution"— Presentation transcript:
1 Goals and Principles of the Constitution Preamble, Articles and Amendments, Seven Basic Principles
2 The PreambleThe Constitution is divided into 3 main parts: the Preamble (opening statement), Articles, and Amendments.The Preamble defines 6 goals.Preamble:“We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect Union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution of the United States of America.”
3 The Goals of the Preamble To Form a More Perfect UnionWanted states to be more unifiedTo Establish JusticeApplied fairly to every American regardless of race, religion, and genderTo Insure Domestic TranquilityPeace and order at home (US)To Provide for a Common DefenseGives the government power to protect citizensTo Promote the General WelfarePromote the well-being of all its citizens (health, happiness)To Secure the Blessings of LibertyFreedom and rights for its people
4 How can we meet the goals today? To Form a More Perfect UnionTo Establish JusticeTo Insure Domestic TranquilityTo Provide for a Common DefenseTo Promote the General WelfareTo Secure the Blessings of Liberty
5 ArticlesThe main body of the Constitution is divided into 7 sections called Articles, which establish the framework for our government.Articles I-III - describe the 3 branches of government : legislative, executive, and judicial.Article IV deals with relations between the states.Article V provides a process to amend the Constitution.Article VI states the Constitution is the Supreme law of the land.Article VII sets up a procedure to ratify the Constitution.
6 AmendmentsIn over 200 years, only 27 formal changes have been made to the Constitution.The first 10 are known as the Bill of Rights (added in 1791).Article V outlines the amendment process.An amendment may be proposed by two thirds of both the House and the Senate.Ratification – may be approved by the legislatures of 3/4ths of the states.
7 Seven Basic Principles Popular Sovereigntystates that the people have the right to alter or abolish their governmentLimited GovernmentBecause the colonists wanted to avoid tyranny, they said the government has only the powers that the Constitution gives itSeparation of PowersThe government was split into three branchesLegislative – makes the lawsExecutive – carries out the lawsJudicial – explains and interprets the lawsChecks and BalancesEach branch of government has the power to check, or limit, the actions of the other two.
8 Seven Basic Principles Cont’d FederalismDivision of power between the federal government and the statesFederal Examples – power to coin money, declare war, regulate trade between statesState examples – regulate trade within their borders, establish schoolsPower not clearly given to the federal government belongs to the states.RepublicanismCitizens elect representatives to carry out their willIndividual RightsProtect individual rights such as freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and the right to trial by jury