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Chapter 3 – Principles and Goals of US Government 12 th Grade POD Ms. Nestico.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 3 – Principles and Goals of US Government 12 th Grade POD Ms. Nestico."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 3 – Principles and Goals of US Government 12 th Grade POD Ms. Nestico

2 Five Principles of American Government  Limited Government  Popular Sovereignty  Separation of Powers  Checks and Balances  Federalism

3 Limited Government  Government does not have authority in all matters – people have rights  Based on John Locke and Tommy J.’s notion that people have certain “natural rights”  Found today in our constitution in the

4 Popular Sovereignty  Popular = majority of people  Sovereignty = the right to rule oneself  Examples found in Amendments to the US Constitution that extended popular sovereignty (5):

5 Separation of Powers  Divides power between three branches of government: legislative, executive and judicial  Power split to prevent any one person or group from acquiring too much power

6 Checks and Balances  Each branch of government is granted powers that automatically “check” the powers of the others  Example: while the Legislative branch has the power to make a law, the Executive branch may veto it, and the Judicial branch has the power of “judicial review”

7 Federalism  Power is divided between a national government and its subdivisions (states)  Certain powers granted ONLY to the states while others are granted ONLY to the federal government.  Supremacy Clause– Article VI, Clause 2 – the law according to the federal Constitution remains supreme  Judicial Review used frequently regarding this principle

8 Federalism and Judicial Review  Judicial Review – Supreme Court can overturn a law, but can’t make a new law or enforce one  Marbury vs. Madison (1803) – rendered as the first case that established judicial review

9 Parts of the US Constitution  Preamble  Articles (7)  Amendments (27)  Bill of Rights -- 1 through 10  Remaining 17 Amendments added through time

10 Preamble – Six Goals of American Government  Form a more perfect union  Establish justice  Insure domestic tranquility  Provide for the common defense  Promote the general welfare  Secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity

11 1. Form a More Perfect Union  Federalism is born under this goal. This marks the shift from a confederate system to a federal system  States had previously been operating under a confederacy and it was not working  Examples  How are we still meeting this goal today?

12 2. Establish Justice  To make things fair and equal for all  over time, the translation continues to change  As with popular sovereignty, it is reflected in the amendments  Established a federal court system  How are we still meeting this goal today?

13 3. Insure Domestic Tranquility  Domestic = “home”  Tranquility = “peace”  Therefore, this goal seeks to assure we have peace here at home within our own country  Established criminal laws, police forces, etc.  How are we still meeting this goal today?

14 4. Provide for the Common Defense  As opposed to domestic tranquility, this goal is set to protect America from foreign invasion – outside of the US.  Establishes a military, Homeland Security, etc.  How are we still meeting this goal today?

15 5. Promote the General Welfare  Founders felt that no person should suffer from Disease Hunger Poverty  Following the Great Depression, many welfare programs were started to combat these societal issues  How are we still meeting this goal today?

16 6. Secure the Blessings of Liberty for ourselves and our Posterity  Posterity = children or generations to come  The founders set this goal to assure when writing the constitution that it could not easily be changed so that freedom would be secure for all for a very long time  How are we still meeting this goal today?

17 Articles  I. The Legislature (Congress)  II. The Executive Branch (President)  III. The Judicial Branch (Supreme Court)  IV. Full Faith & Credit Clause  V. How to amend the Constitution  VI. National Supremacy Clause  VII. Ratification of the Constitution

18 Amendments – Bill of Rights  1 st – Right to free speech, assembly, petition, press, etc.  2 nd – Right to bear arms  3 rd – No quartering of troops  4 th – Right to privacy – no illegal search and seizure  5 th – Protection against double jeopardy and self-incrimination

19 Amendments – Bill of Rights  6 th – Due Process rights in criminal proceedings  7 th – Due Process right of a jury trial extended to civil proceedings  8 th – Protection from Cruel and Unusual Punishment and Excessive Bail

20 Amendments – Bill of Rights  9 th – Enumerated rights - other rights aside from those listed may exist, and just because they are not listed doesn't mean they can be violated.  10 th – Powers reserved to the States/People - any power not granted to the federal government belongs to the states or to the people

21 News Article Assignment– Principles of American Government  In groups of four, search, read and choose 4 news articles pertaining to America or American Government online and print them. CNNCNN Fox news online MSNBC OnlineFox news onlineMSNBC Online  You must be able to apply one or more of the 5 principles of government to each article  Each person in the group should be assigned a specific principle of government

22 Article Assignment - continued  The following must be answered regarding each article: 1. Provide a thorough, written summary of the article 2. Identify the primary principle of government that applies to the article and explain how/why. 3. Determine if the article is a positive or negative example of the principle at hand and explain 4. Identify any other principles that may apply and explain how/why. 5. In your opinion, is the way the government principle being applied in this article what the Framers had in mind?


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