2 The Basics Who: The Founding Fathers James Madison – Father of the ConstitutionGeorge Washington – kept the meetings orderly and effectiveWhat: Wrote the ConstitutionWhen: It was worked on for 4 months and signed on September 17, 1787.Where: Philadelphia (Constitutional) Convention in Philadelphia, PennsylvaniaWhy: To form a new government
3 Preamble We the people In order to form a more perfect union Establish justiceEnsure domestic tranquilityProvide for the common defensePromote the general welfareSecure the blessings of libertyTo ourselves and our posterityPreamble Song
4 Article1 – Legislative Branch Lists the powers of CongressTax the peopleRaise an army & navyDeclare warCreate a court systemCoin moneyPass laws
5 Article 2 – Executive Branch Powers of the presidentCommander in chief of armed forcesMake treatiesAppoint ambassadorsAppoint judgesGrant pardons for crimesSuggests laws and policiesPrepares a budget (has to be approved by Congress)Sets policies for dealing with other countries
6 Article 3 – Judicial Branch Judges and CourtsThe Supreme Court:Highest US CourtReview 150 cases/yearJudges may hold their job for lifeThe Judicial Branch may:*Declare a law unconstitutional*Declare a president’s action to be unconstitutional
7 Article 4 *Relationships between states and the federal government. *Outlines the rules for admitting new states to the Union.
8 Article 5 *We may make changes, amendments, to the Constitution *2/3 of both houses of Congress must agree to make this change.*It takes a positive vote by ¾ of the states to make an amendment a law.
9 Article 6 *The Constitution is the highest law of the land. *Federal and state officers & judges must uphold the Constitution.
10 Article 7*The names of the men who signed and ratified, or approved, the Constitution.*It confirms the establishment of the Constitution.
11 Bill of Rights *The first 10 amendments to the Constitution *They were added in 1791.Brain Pop
12 Amendment 1*Freedom of speech, press, assembly, religion & petition.
15 Amendment 4 Protection against illegal search and seizure If the government wants to search anything, they must have a search warrant which tells what they are looking for and where they can search
16 Amendment 5 Right to due process of law, rights in criminal cases. A person cannot be charged with the same crime twice.A person doesn’t have to testify against himself/herself.A person can’t have his or her life, property or freedoms taken away without fair treatment by the law.A property can’t be taken from a person without receiving money for that property.
17 Amendment 6 Right to a speedy trial. The jury will be fair. The accused can have a lawyer to help him/her with the case.
18 Amendment 7 Right to a trial by jury. When a person sues another person for more than $20, a jury will make the final decision.
19 Amendment 8 No cruel and unusual punishment. Excessive bail or fines may not be issued.
20 Amendment 9You have more rights than the ones listed in the Bill of Rights.
21 Amendment 10 Rights to the people and states. The powers not given to the national government are given to the states.
22 Other Notable Amendments 13th – Abolished slavery15th - Rights for all races & color to vote19th – Allowed ALL women to vote22nd – Limits number of presidential terms to 226th – Voting age becomes 18