Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Make a T-chart discussing pros and cons of creating the constitution

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Make a T-chart discussing pros and cons of creating the constitution"— Presentation transcript:

1 Make a T-chart discussing pros and cons of creating the constitution
Aim: By analyzing the relationship between the government and the people, how can we rate the utility of the US Constitution? Do Now: Make a T-chart discussing pros and cons of creating the constitution

2 What is the US Constitution?
It is a living document A body of fundamental laws which say how a government is to operate It is the supreme law of the land It explains how the government works It protects your civil rights

3 A Brief Outline The Preamble – lays out the purpose and introduces the Constitution The Articles – the substance of governmental law The Amendments

4 The Seven Articles I. The Legislative Branch II. The Executive Branch III. The Judicial Branch IV. Relations Among States V. The Amendment Process VI. National Debts, National Supremacy, Oaths of Office VII. Requirements for Ratification

5 The Six Basic Principles of the Constitution
1. Popular Sovereignty – supreme power rests with and only with the people Some parts of the Constitution mitigate popular sovereignty Electoral College chooses the president, not popular vote State Legislatures chose the Senate, not popular vote Later changed to direct popular election by 17th Amendment

6 The Six Basic Principles of the Constitution
2. Limited Government Also called constitutionalism, and rule of law Government is not all-powerful Powers government has and doesn’t have are listed

7 The Six Basic Principles of the Constitution
3. Separation of Powers U.S. uses a presidential government, where the executive and legislative branches are chosen separately Each branch has its own powers and responsibilities

8 The Six Basic Principles of the Constitution
4. Checks and Balances Each branch is not totally independent of the others

9 The Six Basic Principles of the Constitution
4. Checks and Balances They have powers to override each other when necessary


11 The Six Basic Principles of the Constitution
5. Judicial Review Courts may determine whether or not what the President or Congress does is Constitutional

12 The Six Basic Principles of the Constitution
5. Judicial Review If court declares an act unconstitutional, the act is not a law, and the decision cannot be overridden

13 The Six Basic Principles of the Constitution
6. Federalism The national government is given certain powers by the Constitution Whatever is left is a power for the states to use

14 Key Parts of Article I Section 8
List of all expressed powers Congress has Also includes the “necessary and proper” clause Gives Congress additional “implied powers” Section 9 Prohibits certain actions Congress may take No ex post facto laws – punishment for doing something before it was illegal No suspension of habeas corpus – the right to challenge one’s own detention in court

15 Key Parts of Article II Section 2
President can appoint people to many positions Must have “advice and consent” of the Senate Senate takes a majority vote to confirm appointments Section 4 Can only be removed by impeachment for “high crimes and misdemeanors”

16 Key Parts of Article IV Section 1 – Full Faith and Credit Clause
States must grant each other “full faith and credit” on “public acts, records, and judicial proceedings” Means legal decisions of states must be respected and held to by other states Section 2 – Privileges and Immunities Clause States must grant residents of other states all “privileges and immunities” they give to their own residents

17 Article V - Formal Amendment Process
Step 1 – Must Be Proposed (happens at the national level) Step 2 – Must Be Ratified (happens at the state level) This is a reflection of federalism

18 2 Ways to Propose an Amendment
1. 2/3 vote in both houses of Congress All 27 Amendments were proposed this way 2. Constitutional Convention requested by 2/3 of the states (38) Has not ever been used

19 2 Ways to Ratify an Amendment
1. 3/4 of state legislatures approve it 26 of the 27 Amendments were ratified this way 2. 3/4 of conventions called by the states approve it Only the 21st Amendment was ratified this way

20 Key Parts of Article VI Section 2 – Supremacy Clause
Federal laws are always supreme over state laws, U.S. Constitution is supreme over all state constitutions

21 The First Ten Amendments…

22 These are awesome! And you get to memorize them!
The Bill of Rights These are awesome! And you get to memorize them!

23 The 1st Amendment Freedom of Religion Freedom of Speech
Establishment Clause – government cannot establish a religion Free Exercise Clause – government cannot prohibit you from practicing religion Freedom of Speech Freedom of the Press Right to Assembly Right to Petition

24 The 2nd Amendment The Right to Bear Arms Not the Right to Bare Arms

25 The 3rd Amendment No Quartering of Soldiers in Times of Peace

26 The 4th Amendment Protection Against Unreasonable Search and Seizure

27 The 5th Amendment No Double Jeopardy (Can’t be charged with the same crime twice) Protection against self-incrimination Guarantee of Due Process of Law

28 The 6th Amendment Right to a Criminal Trial by Jury
Trial must be speedy, public Must be in the state where the crime was committed Right to legal counsel Right to call witnesses favorable to the defendant

29 The 7th Amendment Right to a Civil Trial by Jury
Civil – not criminal, typically a lawsuit for money or to repeal a government action

30 The 8th Amendment Protection Against Cruel and Unusual Punishment

31 The 9th Amendment Rights Retained by the People
In other words, just because a right isn’t listed here in the Constitution doesn’t mean that people don’t have that right Truth from your teacher – yes, it does.

32 The 10th Amendment Powers Reserved for the States
All powers that are not given to the national government are reserved for the states

33 Informal Amendments The vast majority of changes to the Constitution have not changed the words in the Constitution

34 Basic Legislation Congress’ laws provide specific details about the vague purposes and ideas in the Constitution

35 Basic Legislation Congress also changes its own powers over time, based on the words of the Constitution Result of “Necessary and Proper” Clause

36 Executive Action Presidents are always looking for ways to stretch and grow their powers Thus, presidents today are much more powerful than in the past

37 Court Decisions Since Marbury v. Madison, the court has had the power to declare acts of the president and Congress unconstitutional

38 Court Decisions This power is called judicial review, and the court uses it to tell us what they interpret the Constitution to mean

39 Party Practices Political parties did not exist at the nation’s start, but they have become an almost necessary element

40 Party Practices The electoral college used to decide together who would be the president. Now, they just “rubber stamp” the choice of voters

41 Custom Many customs have developed that we follow just as strongly as laws Senatorial Courtesy – when nominating a judge, the president always asks the permission of the two Senators from the judge’s state Cabinet – 15 advisors for the president are not in the Constitution

Download ppt "Make a T-chart discussing pros and cons of creating the constitution"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google