In 1948- Afrikaners political party - (Dutch) National Party won the elections & established Apartheid! Pass laws making it legal to discriminate against blacks. Separates Africans into four groups: Blacks, whites, coloreds (mixed and Asians) Must carry a pass book- and show passbook when entering a non- black areas
Black Africans & Lack of Freedoms Blacks had practically no rights; could not vote; denied citizenships It was illegal for black Africans to protest or meet/ organize Africans were forbidden to go to white beaches, white restaurants, ride on white busses. The National Party pushed for Afrikaans language (Dutch) in all schools instead of traditional African languages. Best land had been taken by the Dutch & other White settlers early in S. African history. Blacks were now forces into homelands; on the worst land in the country.
Nelson Mandela & President de Klerk In 1990 President Frederik Willem de Klerk began negotiations to end apartheid, culminating in multi-racial democratic elections in 1994, which were won by the African National Congress under Nelson Mandela.
Vocabulary Terms Afrikaners- Afrikaans speaking decedents of the early Dutch settlers who arrived in South Africa beginning in 1652. Afrikaans- The language of the minority white population of South Africa and one of the two official languages during the Nationalist Party Unity. Boers- Afrikaans word meaning farmers, these were the first white settlers from Holland who arrived in South Africa in 1652. Bantu- identifies a particular group of people coming from Central and South Africa. The Nationalist government used this term in a derogatory way to identify Black Africans.