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Egyptian Civ A second center of civilization emerged along the Nile River in N. Africa around 3000 B.C.E.A second center of civilization emerged along.

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Presentation on theme: "Egyptian Civ A second center of civilization emerged along the Nile River in N. Africa around 3000 B.C.E.A second center of civilization emerged along."— Presentation transcript:

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3 Egyptian Civ A second center of civilization emerged along the Nile River in N. Africa around 3000 B.C.E.A second center of civilization emerged along the Nile River in N. Africa around 3000 B.C.E. Egyptian civ. benefited from trade and tech. influence of Mesopotamia, but produced a very different society and culture.Egyptian civ. benefited from trade and tech. influence of Mesopotamia, but produced a very different society and culture. Less open to invasion, Egypt retained a unified state for most of its history.Less open to invasion, Egypt retained a unified state for most of its history. The pharaoh wielded immense power, and appointed viziers to administer govt throughout the land.The pharaoh wielded immense power, and appointed viziers to administer govt throughout the land.

4 A View of Egypt by Satellite

5 The Fertile Nile Valley

6 The Annual Flooding of the Nile

7 Nile Irrigation-the Shaduf

8 Ancient Egyptian History PeriodsTime Frame Nile Culture Begins3900 B. C. E. Archaic3100 – 2650 B. C. E. Old Kingdom2650 – 2134 B. C. E. Middle Kingdom2040 – 1640 B. C. E. New Kingdom1550 – 1070 B. C. E. Late Period750 – 332 B. C. E. Greek Ptolemaic Era 332 – 30 B. C. E. Roman Period30 B. C. E. – 395 C. E.

9 Menes: Unifier of Upper & Lower Egypt c B. C. E. ?

10 Ancient Egyptian Housing Middle Class Homes Peasant Homes

11 Scenes of Ancient Egyptian Daily Life

12 An Egyptian Womans Must- Haves Perfume Wigs Mirror

13 Egyptian Social Hierarchy

14 Some Famous Egyptian Pharaohs Thutmose III B. C. E. Ramses II B. C. E. Tutankham on B. C.E.

15 Egyptian Nobility

16 Egyptian Priestly Class

17 Egyptian Scribe

18 Papyrus Paper Papyrus Plant Scroll Piece

19 Egyptian Math ,000100,0001,000,000 What number is this?

20 Champollion & the Rosetta Stone, 1799

21 Hieroglyphic Cartouche

22 Hieroglyphics Alphabet 24 letters phonetic symbols

23 Egyptian Gods & Goddesses: The Sacred Trinity Osiris Isis Horus

24 Preparations for the Underworld Priests protected your KA, or soul- spirit

25 Materials Used in Mummification 1. Linen 6. Natron 2. Sawdust 7. Onion 3. Lichen 8. Nile Mud 4. Beeswax 9. Linen Pads 5. Resin 10. Frankinsense

26 Preparation for the Afterlife

27 Egyptian Mummies Seti I B. C. E. Queen Tiye, wife of Amenhotep II B. C. E. Ramses II B. C. E.

28 Journey to the Underworld A boat for the journey is provided for a dead pharaoh in his tomb.

29 Egyptian Book of the Dead

30 The Final Judgement Anubis Horus Osiris

31 Stepped Pyramid at Saqqara

32 Giza Pyramid Complex

33 Plan of the Great Pyramid of Khufu

34 Archaeologist, Howard Carter (1922)

35 Entrance to King Tuts Tomb

36 King Tutankhamons Death Mask B. C. E.

37 King Tutankhamon

38 King Tutankhamuns Tomb

39 Treasures From Tuts Tomb

40 The Valley of the Queens Temple of Queen Hatshepsut B. C. E.

41 Ankhenaton: First Monotheist? B. C. E.

42 Queen Nefertiti

43 Abu Simbel: Monument to Ramses II B. C. E.

44 Legacy of Egyptians Egyptian mathematics produced the idea of a 24 hour day.Egyptian mathematics produced the idea of a 24 hour day. Trade linked Egypt to Mediterranean islands like Crete, south of Greece.Trade linked Egypt to Mediterranean islands like Crete, south of Greece. The Greeks studied Egyptian mathematics and art.The Greeks studied Egyptian mathematics and art.

45 Images from: Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY, from: Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY,


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