3 Egyptian CivA second center of civilization emerged along the Nile River in N. Africa around 3000 B.C.E.Egyptian civ. benefited from trade and tech. influence of Mesopotamia, but produced a very different society and culture.Less open to invasion, Egypt retained a unified state for most of its history.The pharaoh wielded immense power, and appointed viziers to administer govt throughout the land.
8 Ancient Egyptian History PeriodsTime FrameNile Culture Begins3900 B. C. E.Archaic3100 – 2650 B. C. E.Old Kingdom2650 – 2134 B. C. E.Middle Kingdom2040 – 1640 B. C. E.New Kingdom1550 – 1070 B. C. E.Late Period750 – 332 B. C. E.Greek Ptolemaic Era332 – 30 B. C. E.Roman Period30 B. C. E. – 395 C. E.
9 Menes: Unifier of Upper & Lower Egypt c B. C. E. ?
10 Ancient Egyptian Housing Middle Class HomesPeasant Homes