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Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY Additional slides by D. Brady Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY Additional slides by D. Brady.

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Presentation on theme: "Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY Additional slides by D. Brady Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY Additional slides by D. Brady."— Presentation transcript:

1 Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY Additional slides by D. Brady Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY Additional slides by D. Brady

2 A View of Egypt by Satellite

3

4 The Fertile Nile Valley

5 The Annual Flooding of the Nile

6 Nile Irrigation-the Shaduf

7 Ancient Egyptian History PeriodsTime Frame Nile Culture Begins3900 B. C. E. Archaic3100 – 2650 B. C. E. Old Kingdom2650 – 2134 B. C. E. Middle Kingdom2040 – 1640 B. C. E. New Kingdom1550 – 1070 B. C. E. Late Period750 – 332 B. C. E. Greek Ptolemaic Era332 – 30 B. C. E. Roman Period30 B. C. E. – 395 C. E.

8 Menes: Unifier of Upper & Lower Egypt c B. C. E. ?

9 Ancient Egyptian Housing Middle Class Homes Peasant Homes

10 Scenes of Ancient Egyptian Daily Life

11 Making Ancient Egyptian Beer

12 Making Ancient Egyptian Wine

13 An Egyptian Woman’s “Must-Haves” Perfume Whigs Mirror

14 Egyptian Social Hierarchy

15 Egyptian Nobility

16 Egyptian Priestly Class

17 Egyptian Scribe

18 Papyrus  Paper Papyrus Plant Hieratic Scroll Piece

19 Egyptian Math & Draftsmenship ,000100,0001,000,000 What number is this?

20 Champollion & the Rosetta Stone

21 Hieroglyphic “Cartouche”

22 Hieroglyphics “Alphabet” 24 “letters” phonetic symbols

23 Egyptian Creation Myth The Goddess Nut

24 Egyptian Gods & Goddesses: “The Sacred ‘Trinity’” Osiris Isis Horus

25 Preparations for the Underworld Priests protected your KA, or soul-spirit ANUBIS weighs the dead person’s heart against a feather.

26 MUMMIFICATION

27 Materials Used in Mummification 1. Linen 6. Natron 2. Sawdust 7. Onion 3. Lichen 8. Nile Mud 4. Beeswax 9. Linen Pads 5. Resin 10. Frankinsense

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29 Preparation for the Afterlife

30 Egyptian Mummies Seti I B. C. E. Queen Tiye, wife of Amenhotep II B. C. E. Ramses II B. C. E.

31 MORE MUMMIES

32 Journey to the Underworld A boat for the journey is provided for a dead pharaoh in his tomb. The dead travel on the “Solar Bark.”

33 Egyptian Book of the Dead

34 The Final Judgement Anubis Horus Osiris

35

36 Shabtis: The Pharaoh’s Servants in the Afterlife

37 DJOSER & IMHOTEP

38 Stepped Pyramid at Saqqara

39 “Bent” Pyramid of King Sneferu

40 GREAT PYRAMID OF KHUFU

41 Giza Pyramid Complex

42 Plan of the Great Pyramid of Khufu

43 PYRAMID CONSTRUCTION

44 THE HYKSOS THE HYKSOS

45 THE SPHINX

46 HATSEPSHUT

47 THUTMOSE III

48 Ankhenaton: First Monotheist? B. C. E.

49 Queen Nefertiti

50 The Valley of the Kings

51 Archaeologist, Howard Carter (1922)

52 Entrance to King “Tut’s” Tomb

53 TUTANKAMON

54 KING TUTS TOMB

55 King Tutankhamon’s Death Mask B. C. E.

56 King Tutankhamon

57 King Tutankhamun’s Tomb

58 Treasures From Tut’s Tomb

59 The Valley of the Queens Temple of Queen Hatshepsut B. C. E.

60 The Ankh – The “Cross” of Life

61 RAMSES II RAMSES II

62 Abu Simbel: Monument to Ramses II B. C. E.

63

64 Who Are These Strange People?

65 Routes of the “Sea Peoples” The end of the Bronze Age!


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