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Published byHillary Walton Modified over 7 years ago
LITERARY ELEMENTS ENGLISH 12
PLOT Describes the structure of the story. It shows the arrangement of events and actions within a story.
EXPOSITION The start of the story, the situation before the action occurs.
RISING ACTION The series of conflict and crisis in the story that lead to the climax.
CLIMAX The turning point, the most intense moment.
FALLING ACTION All of the action which follows the climax.
RESOLUTION The conclusion, the tying up of all loose ends.
CONFLICT The dramatic struggle between two forces in a story. Without conflict, there is no plot!
TYPES OF CONFLICT Internal-Within one’s self External-Outside of one’s self
SUBTYPES OF CONFLICT Character vs. Character (External) Character vs. Nature (External) Character vs. Society (External) Character vs. Self (Internal)
SETTING The time and place in which the story takes place.
POINT OF VIEW The point of view from which the story is told. Types: Omniscient Limited Omniscient First Person
THEME The central idea of the story.
SYMBOLISM A symbol represents an idea, quality, or concept larger than itself.
CHARACTERIZATION The method used by a writer to develop a character. Types of characterization: Direct Indirect
CHARACTER Protagonist Antagonist
FORESHADOWING Early clues about what will happen in a later piece of fiction.
IRONY A difference between what is expected and reality.
FLASHBACK Starts in present day and goes back to the past.
TONE The author’s attitude toward a subject.
MOOD The climate of feeling in the story.
SIMILE Comparison using like or as.
METAPHOR Comparison is not announced with like or as.
ALLITERATION Repeating consonant sounds.
PERSONIFICATION Giving the qualities of a person to an object, animal, or idea.
ONOMATOPOEIA Words that mimic sounds.
HYPERBOLE An exaggerated statement to heighten effect.
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