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LITERARY ELEMENTS ENGLISH 12
PLOT Describes the structure of the story. It shows the arrangement of events and actions within a story.
EXPOSITION The start of the story, the situation before the action occurs.
RISING ACTION The series of conflict and crisis in the story that lead to the climax.
CLIMAX The turning point, the most intense moment.
FALLING ACTION All of the action which follows the climax.
RESOLUTION The conclusion, the tying up of all loose ends.
CONFLICT The dramatic struggle between two forces in a story. Without conflict, there is no plot!
TYPES OF CONFLICT Internal-Within one’s self External-Outside of one’s self
SUBTYPES OF CONFLICT Character vs. Character (External) Character vs. Nature (External) Character vs. Society (External) Character vs. Self (Internal)
SETTING The time and place in which the story takes place.
POINT OF VIEW The point of view from which the story is told. Types: Omniscient Limited Omniscient First Person
THEME The central idea of the story.
SYMBOLISM A symbol represents an idea, quality, or concept larger than itself.
CHARACTERIZATION The method used by a writer to develop a character. Types of characterization: Direct Indirect
CHARACTER Protagonist Antagonist
FORESHADOWING Early clues about what will happen in a later piece of fiction.
IRONY A difference between what is expected and reality.
FLASHBACK Starts in present day and goes back to the past.
TONE The author’s attitude toward a subject.
MOOD The climate of feeling in the story.
SIMILE Comparison using like or as.
METAPHOR Comparison is not announced with like or as.
ALLITERATION Repeating consonant sounds.
PERSONIFICATION Giving the qualities of a person to an object, animal, or idea.
ONOMATOPOEIA Words that mimic sounds.
HYPERBOLE An exaggerated statement to heighten effect.
Identifying the Elements of A Plot Diagram
English 11 Adapted from The setting is the place where the story takes place. It includes the following: The geographical location.
Elements of a Short Story Mrs. Smith – English 9A.
Terms You Need to Know to Better Understand and Discuss Literature
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Short story terms A fond review. Plot Diagram Exposition The beginning of a story that introduces characters, setting, tone, and any important background.
Plot Structure Plot is the literary element that describes the structure of a story. A plot diagram is an organizational tool, which is used to map the.
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The Elements of Fiction
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Literary Elements. Plot: the sequence of events in a story.
Elements of Short Stories
Essential Literary Terms M. Groome English Language Arts Delta High School Note: I don’t claim that these definitions (or list) are perfect. Please contact.
Word ADefinition AWord BDefinition BWord CDefinition C
Short Story Notes Elements of Fiction
Elements of Fiction The Basics. Setting Definition: time and place of a story It can be used to tell about the characters It can be used to set the atmosphere.
Literary Terms. Fiction: A type of writing based on imagination. Non-Fiction: A type of writing that is based on facts.
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