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Published byFelicia McKinney Modified over 7 years ago
Short story terms A fond review
Plot Diagram Exposition The beginning of a story that introduces characters, setting, tone, and any important background information. Inciting Moment An event which introduces the conflict and begins the events of the plot.
Plot Diagram Rising Action Events that move the plot along by adding complications or expanding the conflict – builds suspense to the climax of the story. Climax The turning point of the story, point of highest tension/interest – may happen towards the end.
Plot Diagram Falling Action Occurs after the climax – also called the resolution – conflict is resolved, loose ends tied up. Dénouement Also known as the resolution A French word that literally means “to untie the know” In America, though, we use the opposite idea and say that we tie up the loose ends It’s how the story ends
The Plot Diagram Exposition Inciting Moment Rising Action Climax Falling Action Denouement
Theme / Setting Theme A message that the author wants to communicate to the reader about the human condition Setting When and where the story takes place
The Human Condition A series of emotions, events, and experiences shared by most every person that help define what it means to be human Examples: life, death, growing up, love, heartbreak, looking for happiness, looking for God, guilt, etc.
Protagonist / Antagonist Protagonist The main character who should go through a change Antagonist The person or force working against the protagonist
Characterization Revealed through… The character’s physical appearance The character’s own actions, thoughts and feelings The thoughts, actions, feelings of a different character toward that character The narrator’s direct comments about the character “He was a fearless man…”
Types of conflict Man vs. man Man vs. nature Man vs. society (which often includes Man vs. machine) Man vs. God/Supernatural Man vs. self aka Internal Conflict
Point of View First person – “I” – the narrator is a character in the story Second-person – when the writing tells the reader what the reader is doing. For example cookbooks, instructions, etc. Third-person omniscient – “all knowing” narrator reveals thoughts/feelings of more than one character Third-person limited – reveals thoughts/feelings of only one character
Tone / Mood Tone Reveals the feelings of the author toward the subject. Mood The feeling or atmosphere of a story created by the author
Simile / Metaphor Simile A comparison between two things using “like” or “as” Metaphor Making a direct comparison between to things – often using “is”, but not always
Imagery / Personification Imagery Description that appeals to one of the five senses Personification Giving human qualities to inanimate objects
Symbolism An object or character which stands for a larger idea in the story
Foreshadowing / Flashback Foreshadowing Subtle hints that reveal what will happen later in the story Flashback When a story stops, and retells a past event for the purpose of helping the reader better understand the current or a future event
Irony Verbal Irony When a speaker says one thing but means the opposite (includes sarcasm) Dramatic Irony When the reader or audience knows one thing, but the character does not Situational Irony When one thing is expected but the opposite is the result
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