Fiction: A type of writing based on imagination. Non-Fiction: A type of writing that is based on facts.
Literary Terms Narrative: A story that is told by a character in the story. Narrator: The person telling the story.
Literary Terms Character: A person in a story. Static Character: Character who does not change throughout the story. Dynamic Character: Character who changes throughout the story.
Literary Terms Flat Character: Character who is one- sided in story. Round Character: Character who shows many sides throughout the story.
Literary Terms Direct Characterization: Character is described in the text by the author. Indirect Characterization: Character is defined by their own words and actions.
Literary Terms Setting: Where and when the story takes place. Plot: The events that take place in a story.
Literary Terms Exposition: Beginning- meet characters and find out setting. Rising Action: Action builds to most exciting part. Climax: The most exciting part or point of no return. Falling Action: Action begins to slow down. Resolution: Loose ends in story are tied up.
Literary Terms 1st Person Point of View: A character in the story tells the story from their point of view. (I, me, my) 3 rd Person limited point of view: An outside narrator who sees only into one character’s mind. 3 rd Person omniscient point of view: Outside all-knowing narrator.
Suspense Suspense is the excitement or tension that readers feel as they get involved in a story and become eager to know the outcome.
Literary Terms Internal Conflict: A struggle that happens inside a character. (man vs self) External Conflict: A struggle that happens on the outside. Man vs. man Man vs nature Man vs society Man vs. technology
Literary Terms Foreshadowing: Author hints to events that will occur later in the story. Inference: Reading between the lines to figure out what is happening in a story.
Literary Terms Genre: A type of literature. Novel: A long work of fiction (more than 10,000 words) Short Story: A shorter work of fiction (less than 10,000 words) Prose: Regular writing- not poetic language.
Literary Terms Irony: When something unexpected happens. Verbal Irony: The writer or the speaker says one thing but means something different. Situational Irony: When a situation turns out to be just the opposite of what is expected. Dramatic Irony: When the audience or reader knows something that the characters do not know. Poetic Justice: When a character gets what he/she deserves.
Literary Terms Tone: The way an author feels about the subject. Mood: The way a reader feels about the subject.
Literary Terms Theme: main idea Simile: comparison using like or as. Metaphor: comparison not using like or as.
Literary Terms Symbol: An object that represents something else. Allusion: A reference to an outside work or subject.
Literary Terms Imagery: Words that create pictures (words appeal to the five senses.) Personification: Giving human traits to a non-human object. Onomatopoeia: Words that imitate sounds. Hyperbole: Exaggeration used to emphasize Cliché: A phrase that has been overused.