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WARM-UP: IMPERIALISM.

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Presentation on theme: "WARM-UP: IMPERIALISM."— Presentation transcript:

1 WARM-UP: IMPERIALISM

2 EUROPEAN MOTIVES ECONOMIC POLITICAL RELIGIOUS EXPLORATORY IDEOLOGICAL

3 MOTIVES ACTIVITY DIRECTIONS:
WITH YOUR PARTNER, VISIT EACH DESK STATION TO EXAMINE THE PLACARD FILL IN THE CHART AS YOU GO YOU HAVE 5 MINUTES AT EACH STATION MOVE CLOCKWISE AROUND THE ROOM

4 Which motive do you think was the most compelling for European Imperialists and why?

5 Imperialism: the domination by one country of the political, economic, or cultural life of another country or region What is this cartoon saying about imperialism?

6 The Rapid Spread of Western Imperialism
Weakness of non-Western States Europeans grew stronger, while older empires in the Middle East, India and China were on the decline Wars among African states and the damaging effects of the slave trade made newer African states too weak to oppose the Westerners Western Advantages Strong economies, stable governments, strong navies and armies, new technologies and advances in medicine Superior weaponry: Maxim machine guns, repeating rifles and steam driven warships

7 Forms of Imperial Rule Direct Rule: Sending officials and soldiers from the mother country to the colony. Goal was to impose culture and turn the land into colonies France Algeria, Tunisia, West & Central Africa Indochina: Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia Great Britain South Africa & Ireland United States Hawaii & the Philippines

8 Forms of Imperial Rule Indirect Rule: used sultans, chiefs or other local ruling class rulers to govern the colonies Encouraged children of ruling class to be educated in the ruling country Still could use military force if control was threatened Great Britain West and East Africa, Egypt, & India

9 Forms of Imperial Rule Protectorate: local rulers left in place and expected to follow advice of European advisors on issues like trade or missionary activity Cost less to run than a true colony and does not require a large commitment of vast military strength Japan Korea

10 Forms of Imperial Rule Sphere of Influence: an outside power claims exclusive investment or trading privileges Europeans in China United States’ in Latin America The Monroe Doctrine 1823: “The American continents are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European powers.” Europeans and United States’ in Japan initially Japan in Taiwan

11 The United States’ Imperial Desires
Latin America: following the revolutions of the 1800s, 20 separate and newly independent nations emerged Problems: Class system Civil wars Catholic Church

12 Mexico Struggles for Stability
Settlers moved from the US into Mexico’s northern territory, Texas They revolt against a Mexican caudillo Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna and win their independence The United States annexed Texas in 1845 causing a war with Mexico Mexico lost and the Treaty of Gaudalupe-Hidalgo ceded almost half of Mexican territory to the United States US gets California, Arizona, New Mexico, Nevada, Utah and Colorado

13 The United States & Economic Imperialism
The Monroe Doctrine 1823: “The American continents are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European powers.”

14 The Monroe Doctrine What do the wheels on Uncle Sam’s bicycle represent? Why are the European powers shouting at Uncle Sam?

15 Exit Ticket “How did European powers come to dominate much of the world in the late 1800s?” Predict what will happen in regions under imperial control: Africa Latin America China India Japan


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