2Motives driving the new Imperialism Imperialism is the domination by one country of the political, economic, or cultural life of another country or regionThe strong, centrally governed nation- states of Europe were greatly enriched by the Industrial Revolution.Encouraged by their new strength, these nations embarked on a path of expansion—the new imperialism.
3Cause of the New Imperialism 1. Economic NeedsNew sources of raw materialsNew markets to sell goodsNew ventures and enterprises2. Political and Military NeedsNaval refueling basesStopping the expansion of rivalsPromoting national security and prestige
4A driving force behind imperialism was the desire for new markets. Behind the West’s civilizing mission was also a sense of racial superiority.Social DarwinistsSaw this as natures way of improving the human raceResult: many people lost their culturesA driving force behind imperialism was the desire for new markets.This British propaganda poster boasts that Africa would become a gold mine for British- made products.
5The Rapid Spread of Western Imperialism BetweenMost of the world was controlled by imperialist countriesImperialism succeeded for a number of Reasons1.Disadvantages of Non - Western NationsOttoman and Chinese were in declineSlavery destroyed African nations2. Advantages of Western NationsStrong economies & organized govt.Superior technology, weapons, transportation, and medicine
6Forms of Imperial RuleFrance and Great Britain ruled with different approaches1. Indirect Rule – G.B.Local rulers were left in charge.The children of the ruling class were educated in England.The goal was to groom or “Westernize” future leaders2. Direct Rule – FranceFrench administrators were sent.The goal was to impose French culture
7Colonial powers used additional methods to rule. They often used protectorates.Local leaders were kept in office.Colonial advisors told them what to do.This method was less costly.Spheres of influence were carved out.Colonial powers claimed exclusive right to trade or invest in a particular area.The goal was to prevent conflict with other colonial powers.