Presentation on theme: "Welcome to English 2 When Actions Happen Names of Words"— Presentation transcript:
1Welcome to English 2 When Actions Happen Names of Words Grammar is the system of a language. People sometimes describe grammar as the "rules" of a language; but in fact no language has rules*. If we use the word "rules", we suggest that somebody created the rules first and then spoke the language, like a new game. But languages did not start like that. Languages started by people making sounds which evolved into words, phrases and sentences. No commonly-spoken language is fixed. All languages change over time. What we call "grammar" is simply a reflection of a language at a particular time.Making QuestionsHow English Works
2Making QuestionsIn English we need to ask many questions. It is simple to write the question. Follow the example.What is your name?My name is Sally.How old are you?I am 12 years old.Where are you from?I am from Chicago.
3Click on the quiz and listen to the sentence. Listen and WriteYou will need a piece of paper and a pencil to do the following quiz. I will say four sentences and you write four questions.Are you ready?Click on the quiz and listen to the sentence.QuizAnswers
4These are the questions that should have on your paper. AnswersThese are the questions that should have on your paper.1. What do Frank and Mary do every day?2. Who is their teacher?3. What does Mary read?4. What do the students do?Story
5When actions happenWe will learn what to call an action that happens today, happened yesterday or will happen tomorrow.These actions are called tenses: present, past and future.There will be a short quiz. Let’s look at the examples.
6When actions happen… Is the action happening NOW? = Present Today Mary goes to school.Did the action already happen? = PastYesterday Mary went to school.Will the action happen tomorrow? = FutureTomorrow Mary will go to school.
7Click on the button to tell when the story happens. TestClick to listen!Click on the button to tell when the story happens.Happens NowHappenedWill Happen
9To have Here is some review. Study these verbs and listen again. PresentPastI haveWe haveYou haveHeShe hasItThey haveI hadWe hadYou hadHeShe hadItThey hadFutureI will haveWe will haveYou will haveYou will haveHeShe will haveitThey will have
10To go Present Past Future I go We go You go He She goes It They go I wentWe wentYou wentHeShe wentItThey wentFutureI will goWe will goYou will goHeShe will goItThey will go
11To be Present Past Future I am We are You are He She is It They are I wasWe wereYou wereHeShe wasItThey wereFutureI will beWe will beYou will beHeShe will beItThey will be
12To do Present Past Future I do We do You do He She does It They do I didWe didYou didHeShe didItThey didFutureI will doWe will doYou will doHeShe will doItThey will do
13The StoryFrank and Mary have a nice school. Every day they do something new. Today they study animals. Mrs. Smith is their teacher. She is very nice. Mrs. Smith reads many stories to the students. The students like the stories, but today it is the students turn to read. Mary reads a funny story about cats. The class likes the cat story. The students clap. Frank and Mary are happy and they go home.
14Please read the following examples. I like to study in the computer lab.You like to study in the cafeteria.He likes to study in the library.These sentences are all correct. Please go the next slide.
15Which sentence is not correct? Please choose one from the list.A. I walk to the school.B. You walk to the class.C. She walk to the cafeteriaInductive = ask then tellDeductive = tell then ask why it is wrong
16Fabulous, you have chosen the sentence with a mistake. This one is the incorrect sentence, but what grammar rule does the sentence follow?Subject/Verb agreement?Double negatives?Direct translation verb problems?
17Sorry, that is wrong.Try and look at examples to see if you can understand the rules of grammar.
18Sorry, this is wrong. This is not the correct rule for this sentence. Please go back and try again.
19Excellent Work!The third person singular in the present tense needs an “s.” So the problem was that the subject and verb did not agree.Good work!Click on the button. Let’s go on to the next grammar lesson.
20Correct: Tim has no time to work on his assignment. Language and CirclesWhen we make one U-turn, we go in the opposite direction. If we make two U-turns, then we go in the direction that we started. If we say two negatives in English, we are turning completely around. So, we should only have one negative word in each sentence. Lets look at some examples.Incorrect: Mary hasn’t no time to do her homework.Learning through analogy and by exampleCorrect: Tim has no time to work on his assignment.
21Remember you can make U-Turns in English, but you cannot make two in the same sentence. Quiz
22Wonderful! Are you ready for the quiz? Now use what you learned! Which sentence is the correct?I don’t have no time to do my homework.2. I don’t have any time to do my homework.application
23Let’s go on to more to learn about translation problems. Excellent Work!Let’s go on to more to learn about translation problems.
24This is NOT correct! Please go back and try again! Remember to count the negative words.There can only be ONE negative word in each sentence.Why don’t you look at it again?
25Translation problemsWhen we learn a new language, we want to directly translate from our first language. Sometimes this works and other times it does not.Let’s study some examples.
26Direct Translation Here are the examples. Mark has ten years old. (age)Correction: Mark is ten years old.Bill takes coffee at noon. (to take food) Correction: Bill drinks coffee at noon. In these examples, the problem is that the verb is not used correctly. Let’s see if you can correct the next set of examples.
27Click on the correct word under the sentences. My sister waited me yesterday.waited forwaitswaitI listen music.listenslistens tolisten toWe asked to the man for a book.asksasks forasked