Presentation on theme: "Tag-Questions or Question Tags Statement Sentences with short questions at the end with a question mark!"— Presentation transcript:
Tag-Questions or Question Tags Statement Sentences with short questions at the end with a question mark!
Tag-Questions A tag-question or question tag is not a true question. A tag question is used at the end of a Statement Sentence to get the confirmation from the listener, or just to express ones doubt. A question sentence, on the contrary, is used to get the answer.
Tag-Questions You are my student. Statement Sentence positive You are not my student. Statement negative Are you my student? Question (interrogative) You are my student, arent you? Tag-question
Tag-Questions Whose books are these? – a true question These are your books, arent they? -Tag-question – Positive These are not your books, are they? - Tag-question -- Negative
Tag-Questions Making a tag-question sentence: She is your friend, isnt she ? A positive tag-question sentence!
Tag-Questions There are five simple points we should follow when we use a Tag- question: Point 1 A comma is used between the main sentence and the tag part, e.g. This is your book isnt it?,
Tag-Questions Point Point 2:2:2:2: Even Even if the subject of the main sentence is a noun – proper noun or common noun – the subject of the tag part is always a corresponding PERSONAL PRONOUN. e.g. Mary Mary isnt your sister, is she?
Tag-Questions Point 2 (continued) John has gone home, hasnt ? John – proper noun – male – singular he pronoun – male – singular – subjective case
Tag-Question Point 2 (continued) Point 2 (continued) Ted and Jerry got their books, didnt ? Ted and Jerry got their books, didnt ? Ted and Jerry – Proper nouns – male – plural they Personal Pronoun – male -- plural
Tag-Questions Point 3 The verb in the tag part depends on the verb in the main sentence: If the verb in the main sentence is in Present Tense, the verb in the tag part will be in Present Tense; and the verb in the main sentence is in Past Tense, the verb in the tag part will be in Past, and so on. If the verb in the main sentence is in Positive form, the verb in the tag part will be in Negative form.
Tag-Questions Point 3 (continued)Point 3 (continued) She is your sister, she?She is your sister, she? is – main verb – Simple Present Tense –POSITIVE isnt – Simple present tense – NEGATIVE
Tag-Questions Point 3 (continued) Point 3 (continued) Brad hasnt done his work, he? Brad hasnt done his work, he? hasnt – Present perfect – NEGATIVE has Present perfect -- POSITIVE
Tag-Questions Point 3 (continued) Kate goes to school, she? goes – Simple present – POSITIVE does not go – Simple present – NEGATIVE doesnt Point 4 The negative form of the verb in the tag part is always contracted: does not = doesnt; has not = hasnt; will not = wont
Tag-questions Point 3 (continued) James did not go to school, he? did not go – Simple past – NEGATIVE go – Simple past – Positive; however, in tag part, the auxiliary (helping) verb alone is used: did
Tag-questions Point 5 -- Word order In the statement sentence (in the main sentence) the subject comes first and the verb comes next; but in the tag part, the verb comes first and the subject comes next, just as in the interrogative sentence.
Tag-Question Point 5 – word order (continued) Point 5 – word order (continued) For example: A woman fainted, didnt she? Main sentence tag part Subject first; verb next Verb first; subject next
Tag-Questions There are some exceptions to some of the rules (points) we have discussed so far. To understand those rules (points), first we have to master these points. Therefore, lets master these rules (points) now, and then we can go for those exceptions later!