3 Detective Lu said， ‘A young man was killed in Valley Town.’ Direct speechDetective Lu said (that) a young man was killed in Valley Town.had beenReported speechDetective Lu
4 Detective Lu said， ‘ We will work hard to find the murderer.’ Detective Lu said (that) we will work hard to find the murderer.theywould
5 Detective Lu said, ‘We are checking the scene for fingerprints and other clues now.’ Detective Lu said (that) we are checking the scene for fingerprints and other clues now .theywere checkingthenWe need to change the tense of the verbs（时态）, the pronouns（代词）, and the adverbials(状语） when we use reported speech.Work out the rule!
10 Direct Speech Reported Speech Simple present (一般现在时） The boy said,‘I’m scared.’Simple past（一般过去时） The boy said (that) he was scared。
11 Direct Speech Reported Speech Present continuous （现在进行时） ‘The thief is running away,’said Mrs Ma.Past continuous（过去进行时）Mrs Ma said (that) the thief was running away.
12 Direct Speech Reported Speech Present perfect （现在完成时） ‘I've finished my report,’ said Detective Lu.Past perfect（过去完成时）Detective Lu said(that) he had finished his report.
13 Direct Speech Reported Speech Simple past （一般过去时） ‘I read the newspaper,’said Mr Wu.Past perfect（过去完成时）Mr Wu said (that) he had read the newspaper.
14 Direct Speech Reported Speech Simple future （一般将来时） ‘We'll look for more clues,’ said Detective Lu....would...（过去将来时）Detective Lu said (that) they would look for more clues.
15 指示代词 时 间 状 语 地点状语 方向性动词 情态动词 直接引语 间接引语 this, these that, those now, todaythen,that daythat weekthis week时 间 状 语yesterdaythe day beforelast weekthe week beforefour days agofour days beforetwo days beforethe day before yesterdaythe next/following daytomorrowthe next/following monthnext month地点状语herethere方向性动词come,bringgo,take情态动词can, may, mustcould, might, had to
16 We are going to have a meeting this morning We are going to have a meeting this morning. We will talk about what happened last night.Detective Lu said (that) ___________________________________________________________they were going to have a meeting that morning.He also said (that)___________________________________________they would talk about what had happened the night before.
17 Play a game—He/She said… G1: It’s Christmas today.He/She said it was Christmas that day.G2: People are having Christmas parties at home.He/She said people were having Christmas parties at home.G3: A young man is walking alone on the street.He/She said a young man was walking alone on the street.
18 G4: He’s going to see his parents. He/She said he was going to see his parents.G5: Suddenly, a man comes out with a knife.He/She said a man went out with a knife suddenly.G6: He kills the young man and runs away.He/She said he killed the young man and ran away.G7: There is blood on his coat.He/She said there was blood on his coat.G8: The police have offered $5,000 .He/She said the police had offered $5,000.
20 Millie’s Report (I) had been The victim’s mother said (that) she ____________ scared.Mrs White said that she _________ a man with blood on his shirt.had seenMr Frank said that he _____ a strange man in a blue van _____________.had seenthe day before.Mrs Wu said that her cousin ____________a man running down Upper Street _____________.had noticedthe night before.he didn’t care to goMrs Ma said _______________________________________________.out alone at night then and there was a risk of getting killed.
21 Millie’s Report (I) Mrs Sun said ___________________________________. she would move to Moon Town for safetyPeople in Valley Town said they hope _________________________________________________________.the policewould catch the murderer soon.Detective Lu said that time ______________________.time was running out.Detective Lu said that he ________ a drawing of the suspect___________.would put upthe following(next) day.
22 . What’s your name? Detective Lu asked him what is your name? his name wasMy name is Jack.Find out the differences:1. Change the word order.2. Change the question mark to a full stop.
23 Where do you work?Detective Lu asked where __________he worked.I …I have no work.
24 What did you do last night? I didn’t kill anyone.Detective Lu asked Jack__________________________what he had donehethe night before.
25 Do you know the victim?Detective Lu asked ________________________________.if/whetherhe knew the victimNo, I don’t think so.Rule:For ‘Yes’/ ‘No’ questions, add ‘if’/ ‘whether’.
26 Were you with your friends last night? Detective Lu asked _____________________________________if/whetherhe had been with his friendsthe night before.Yeah, maybe…
27 . Is the coat with blood yours? We found it under your bed. Detective Lu asked _____________________________.if/whetherthe coat with blood was hisEr, no…er,yes…
28 SUMMARY直接引语是疑问句，变间接引语时，要从疑问语序变为陈述语序。直接引语是一般疑问句,变为间接引语时,用连词 if 或 whether 连接。直接引语是特殊疑问句,变为间接引语时,仍用原来的疑问词作连词来引导。
29 SUMMARY直接引语是祈使句，变成间接引语，把动词原形变成动词不定式，并在动词不定前加tell, ask, order , advise等动词的宾语。 注意：否定句，在动词不定式前加not或never.
30 Direct SpeechThe policeman ordered, “Be quiet.”The teacher said to the boy, “Open the window .”“Never do that again,” the teacher said．“Wait a moment．” she said to them.Reported SpeechThe policeman ordered us to be quiet.The teacher told the boy to open the windowThe teacher told me not /never to do that again．She asked them to wait a moment .
31 Practise more 1.Detective Lu asked Jack, ‘How old are you?’ how old he wasDetective Lu asked Jack_____________________.2.He asked Jack, ‘Do you live on your own?’He asked Jack _____________________________.if/whether he lived on his own3.He asked Jack, ‘ Did anyone see you last night?’He asked Jack _________________________________________.if/whether anyone had seen him the night before
32 Interviewing Detective Lu 1. The interviewer: How many crimes have you solved?The interviewer asked Detective Lu how many crimes he has solved.2. The interviewer: Why did you become a detective?The interviewer asked Detective Lu why he had become a detective.3. The interviewer: when did the Valley Town murder take place?The interviewer asked Detective Lu when the Valley Town murder had taken place?
33 4 .The interviewer :Was there more than more one attack? The interviewer asked Detective if/ whether there had been more than one attacker.5. The interviewer :Have you solved the Valley Town murder ?The interviewer asked Detective Lu if/ whether he had solved the Valley Town murder
34 Millie’s Report (II)At last Detective Lu asked the murderer why does he want to kill the victim.He said we are enemies. And he asked that the victim was really dead.Detective Lu told me the Valley Town murder has been solved todayhe wantedthey wereif/whetherhad been solvedthat day
35 Correct the mistakes.She said she misses her family a lot.2.He asked his new friend she would likesome coffee.3. The teacher asked who was on dutytoday.missedifthat day
36 4. We will go on working if it is rainy or not.5. A man asked whose book it is.6. The teacher asked the boy to bringhis homework to school tomorrow.whetherwasthe next day
37 Homework 1.Finish exercises on P106&107. 2.Make an interview with your parents about their daily life, then write a report on it!
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