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Asking Questions Bridget Green Grammar MFWI 2007.

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2 Asking Questions Bridget Green Grammar MFWI 2007

3 Asking Questions There are two kinds of questions in English: Yes/No questions Information questions

4 Like this… Yes/No questions: Are you happy? Yes, I am. Information questions: Why are you happy? Im happy because I love studying grammar. Yes/No questions have a rising intonation. Information questions have a falling intonation.

5 How to Make Yes/No Questions Statements: She is reading. We can talk. I havent eaten today. What is the subject? What is the verb? There are two parts to the verb. What are they?

6 Making yes/no questions with AUXILIARY VERBS main verb auxiliary verb She is reading. I have eaten today. We can talk.

7 Four Kinds of Auxiliaries 1. BE 2. HAVE This is not the verb have. This is the auxiliary have. 3. MODALS will, can, may, must, should, would (I have a dog.) I have eaten. main verb auxiliary verb

8 How to Make Yes/No Questions She is reading. Is she reading? This is called an inversion! Inversion of the auxiliary and the subject

9 Questions We can talk. Can we talk? An inversion!

10 Questions I havent eaten today. Have nt you eaten today? To learn more about inversion, look in your book An A-Z of English Grammar! What is this called?!

11 Auxiliary 2: HAVE Remember: This is not the verb have. This is the auxiliary have. I have a dog. I have eaten.

12 Auxiliary 1: BE with an adjectiveor a NP She is funny.She is a doctor. Is she funny?Is she a doctorYes, she is. Whats the question? with the past participle ( BE + V + ed). This car was made in Japan. Was this car made in Japan? Yes, it was. with V+ing ( BE + V + ing). They are studying English. Are they studying English? Yes, they are.

13 Auxiliary 2: HAVE I have seen that movie. Have you seen that movie? They had finished the test by 1:30. Had they finished the test by 1:30? He has been living in Tokyo. Has he been living in Tokyo? with the past participle Whats the question? (HAVE + V + ed) (HAD + V + ed) (HAVE + been + V + ing)

14 Auxiliary 3: Modals with the verb (modal + V) I can swim. Can you swim? He would like a cup of coffee. Would he like a cup of coffee? We should study more. Should we study more? Modals will can could may + V might must would should Whats the question?

15 But… My sister loves dogs. Loves my sister dogs? WHERE IS THE AUXILIARY?

16 When theres no auxiliary… Q: _______________? A: Yes, she loves dogs. Q: Does your sister love dogs? Use do/does or did. s My sister loves dogs.

17 I watched Marley and Me. Q: ______________________? A: Yes, I watched it! In the past…. Did you watch it short answer: Yes, I did. ed

18 The fourth auxiliary 1. BE 2. HAVE 3. MODALS 4. DO inversion Add do, does, or did + S V

19 Be careful! Is HAVE a main verb or an auxiliary verb? She has a sister. She has been to Osaka. If its a main verb, use do/does or did + S + V. If its an auxiliary verb, use an inversion: Main verb Auxiliary verb Does she have a sister? Has she been to Osaka?

20 Try again… I have a dog. _____________________? Have you a dog? I have eaten sushi. _____________________? Do you have eaten sushi? Main verb Auxiliary verb

21 Main verb or auxiliary verb? If its a main verb: main If its an auxiliary verb: aux 1. We have a lot of homework. 2. She has done her best. 3. They have worked hard. 4. I havent seen it. What are the questions? main aux

22 1. Do we have a lot of homework? 2. Has she done her best? 3. Have they worked hard? 4. Havent you seen it? What are the questions?

23 Can you remember? How do you make yes or no questions in English? Inversion of subject and auxiliary! BE, HAVE, MODALS, or DO

24 Do you like natto? Positive Questions Yes, I do. (= I like natto.) No, I dont. (= I dont like natto.)

25 Dont you like natto? Negative Questions Yes, I do. (= I like natto.) No, I dont. (= I dont like natto.)

26 Do you like natto? Dont you like natto? Different questions, same answer. Positive or Negative Questions in English… Yes, I do. (= I like natto.) No, I dont. (= I dont like natto.)

27 Different questions, different answers. Do you like natto? Dont you like natto? Positive or Negative Questions in Japanese… Hai. (= I like natto.) Ie. (= I dont like natto.) Ie. (= I do like natto.) Hai. (= I dont like natto.)

28 Different questions, same answers. Do you like natto? Dont you like natto? Positive or Negative Questions in English… Yes. (= I like natto.) No. (= I dont like natto.) Yes. (= I do like natto.) No. (= I dont like natto.)

29 Do you like Commons food? Practice Yes. (= I like Commons food.) No. (= I dont like Commons food.) Yummy! Yucky!

30 Dont you like Commons food? Practice Yes. (= I like Commons food.) No. (= I dont like Commons food.) Yummy! Yucky!

31 Arent you happy? Negative Questions Yes. (= I am happy.) No. (= I am not happy.) Im sad! Im happy!

32 Havent you been to Disneyland? Negative Questions Never! Last year! No. (=No, Ive never been there.) Yes. (= Yes, I have been there.)

33 1. Dont you like natto? ______ (Its good.) 2. Havent you seen that movie? ______ (I havent.) 3. Wouldnt you like to go? ______ (I would.) 4. Cant he speak English? ______ (He speaks English well!) 5. Wasnt she on the swim team? ______ (She swam for 3 years.) Yes or No? Yes.No.

34 You like natto, dont you? Tag Questions Yes, I do. Its good. Yummy! This is called a tag question. It goes at the end of a sentence. Answer just like any other question. -

35 You dont like natto, do you? Tag Questions Yes, I do. Its good. Yummy! Tag questions can also be negative. -

36 You like natto, dont you? Tag Questions You can say a tag question in two ways. Falling intonation… …which means I think I know the answer, but Im just checking. You like natto, dont you? Rising intonation… …which means this is a real question: I dont know the answer. You dont like natto, do you?

37 1. You like sushi, ___________? No, ____________ 2. He has seen that movie, ___________? Yes, _______ 3. Youd like to go ___________? No, ____________ 4. They can speak French, ___________? Yes, _________ 5. She was on the track team, ___________? No, _______ Practice Tag Questions

38 1. They dont like natto, ___________? No, ____________ 2. We havent seen that movie, ___________? Yes, _______ 3. He isnt going to be late, _________? No, ___________ 4. We cant speak French, _________? Yes, _________ 5. She wasnt on the volleyball team, _______? No, ______ Tag Questions

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40 HOMEWORK? Write one grammar card for yes/no questions. Write one grammar card for negative, positive and tag questions. Do the homework handout. Bring it to class next week. Be careful! I will check your homework at the beginning of class. Have it ready!


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