Presentation on theme: "Forms of Poetry 8 th Grade GRC OMMS. Forms of Poetry Poems are split into two broad divisions: Narrative Poetry and Lyric Poetry Narrative Poetry –Tells."— Presentation transcript:
Forms of Poetry 8 th Grade GRC OMMS
Forms of Poetry Poems are split into two broad divisions: Narrative Poetry and Lyric Poetry Narrative Poetry –Tells (narrates a story) –Includes epics and ballads –Are usually longer than lyric poems
Forms of Poetry Lyric Poem : a short, highly musical poem that expresses the observations and feelings of a single speaker On the ancient Greek stage, a dramatic production often featured a chorus, which was a group of speakers, who commented on the action of the play. When a single individual sang or spoke more personally and accompanied himself on a lyre, the verse was called lyric.
Thus, our present designation of lyric poetry includes personal, individual emotion. The lyric does not tell a story as an epic or narrative poem does. Most poetry as we think of it is lyric poetry. Forms of Lyric Poetry –Sonnets - Rondeau –Odes - Villanelles –Elegies
Forms of Poetry: Limerick (N) Limerick : a short, humorous, narrative poem –Has 5 lines, with an aabba rhyme scheme –Has a specific rhythm The a lines match in length The b lines match in length, but are shorter than the a lines
Forms of Poetry: Haiku (L) Haiku : a 3-line Japanese verse form. –It has a 5-7-5 pattern, meaning the first and third lines have 5 syllables and the second line has seven syllables. –Uses vivid images to create a single picture, generally of a scene from nature
Forms of Poetry: Ballad (N) Ballads: one of the oldest and most loved forms of poetry Centered around an event, a hero, or a cause that is worthy of becoming a legend. Often written in 4-6 lines stanzas and feature a refrain 2 main types –Folk Ballad: has multiple, unknown authors and a set rhythm/verse pattern –Literary Ballad: usually has a known author and may have a wide variety of rhythm patterns and verse lengths.
Forms of Poetry Free Verse Poem : poetry not written in a regular rhythmic pattern, or meter. –May contain lines of any length or with any number of beats. Many people consider free verse to be a modern form of poetry. The truth is that it has been around for several centuries.
Only in the 20th century did it become one of the most popular forms of poetry. Its popularity stems from the belief that free verse is poetry without rules; after all, it doesn't rhyme, and it doesn't have a meter. However, what separates poetry from prose is the arrangement of carefully chosen words into verses.
Free verse poetry must contain figurative language. Some literary elements that can be included are – Assonance : repetition of vowel sound – Alliteration: repetition of consonant sounds – Parallel structure – Imagery – Onomatopoeia – Cadence : inflection and rhythmic flow
Forms of Poetry: Epic (N) Epic Poem : a long poem that tells of the adventures of one or more great heroes. –An epic is written in a dignified, formal style and often demonstrates the values that are important to a specific culture. Examples: The Odyssey, Gilgamesh, Beowulf
Forms of Poetry: Blank Verse (L/N) Blank Verse Poem : poetry written in unrhymed, iambic pentameter –Most associated with Shakespeares plays. Blank verse is a very flexible English verse form which can attain grandeur while echoing the natural rhythms of speech and allowing smooth enjambment (continuation of a unit of thought from one line to another)
Forms of Poetry: Blank Verse (L/N) Sonnet a specific form of poetry that uses blank verse A lyric poem that is 14 lines long Two Basic Divisions: –Petrarchan (Italian) Sonnet –Shakespearean (English) Sonnet
Forms of Poetry Concrete/Found (L) Concrete Poem : a poem with a shape that suggests its subject. –The poet arranges the letters, punctuation, and lines to create a picture on the page Found Poem: a poem built by taking words or phrases from another text, such as a book or newpaper article. –To create, you may drop words from the original text, but you cannot add any words.
Petrarchan Sonnet Divided into two sections by two different groups of rhyming sounds. The first 8 lines is called the octave and rhymes: a b b a a b b a The remaining 6 lines is called the sestet and can have either two or three rhyming sounds, arranged in a variety of ways: c d c d c d c d d c d c c d e c d e c d e c e d c d c e d c
Shakespearean Sonnet Each quatrain develops a specific idea, but one closely related to the ideas in the other quatrains. The English sonnet has the simplest and most flexible pattern of all sonnets, consisting of 3 quatrains of alternating rhyme and a couplet: a b a b c b c d e f e f g g
Forms of Poetry: Elegy, Odes (L) Elegy: a poem of mourning that is written in memory of someone –O Captain, My Captain Ode: usually a lyric poem of moderate length, with a serious subject, an elevated style, and an elaborate stanza pattern. –often praises people, the arts of music and poetry, natural scenes, or abstract concepts. –Ode on a Grecian Urn
Forms of Poetry: Villanelle & Sestina Villanelles consist of 19 lines -- 5 tercets and a concluding quatrain. The form requires that whole lines be repeated in a specific order, and that only two rhyming sounds occur in the course of the poem Sestinas feature7 stanzas with six unrhymed sestets & a closing tercet –The last six words (not lines) in the first stanza repeat in thefollowing stanzas in a specific order. –The tercet uses all six words