2 Forms of PoetryPoems are split into two broad divisions: Narrative Poetry and Lyric PoetryNarrative PoetryTells (narrates a story)Includes epics and balladsAre usually longer than lyric poems
3 Forms of PoetryLyric Poem: a short, highly musical poem that expresses the observations and feelings of a single speakerOn the ancient Greek stage, a dramatic production often featured a chorus, which was a group of speakers, who commented on the action of the play.When a single individual sang or spoke more personally and accompanied himself on a lyre, the verse was called lyric.
4 The lyric does not tell a story as an epic or narrative poem does. Thus, our present designation of lyric poetry includes personal, individual emotion.The lyric does not tell a story as an epic or narrative poem does.Most poetry as we think of it is lyric poetry.Forms of Lyric PoetrySonnets RondeauOdes VillanellesElegies
5 Forms of Poetry: Limerick (N) Limerick: a short, humorous, narrative poemHas 5 lines, with an aabba rhyme schemeHas a specific rhythmThe a lines match in lengthThe b lines match in length, but are shorter than the a lines
6 Forms of Poetry: Haiku (L) Haiku: a 3-line Japanese verse form.It has a pattern, meaning the first and third lines have 5 syllables and the second line has seven syllables.Uses vivid images to create a single picture, generally of a scene from nature
7 Forms of Poetry: Ballad (N) Ballads: one of the oldest and most loved forms of poetryCentered around an event, a hero, or a cause that is worthy of becoming a legend.Often written in 4-6 lines stanzas and feature a refrain2 main typesFolk Ballad: has multiple, unknown authorsand a set rhythm/verse patternLiterary Ballad: usually has a known authorand may have a wide variety of rhythmpatterns and verse lengths.
8 Forms of PoetryFree Verse Poem: poetry not written in a regular rhythmic pattern, or meter.May contain lines of any length or with any number of beats.Many people consider free verse to be a modern form of poetry. The truth is that it has been around for several centuries.
9 Only in the 20th century did it become one of the most popular forms of poetry. Its popularity stems from the belief that free verse is poetry without rules; after all, it doesn't rhyme, and it doesn't have a meter.However, what separates poetry from prose is the arrangement of carefully chosen words into verses.
10 Assonance: repetition of vowel sound Free verse poetry must contain figurative language. Some literary elements that can be included areAssonance: repetition of vowel soundAlliteration: repetition of consonant soundsParallel structureImageryOnomatopoeiaCadence: inflection andrhythmic flow
11 Forms of Poetry: Epic (N) Epic Poem: a long poem that tells of the adventures of one or more great heroes.An epic is written in a dignified, formal style and often demonstrates the values that are important to a specific culture.Examples: The Odyssey, Gilgamesh, Beowulf
12 Forms of Poetry: Blank Verse (L/N) Blank Verse Poem: poetry written in unrhymed, iambic pentameterMost associated with Shakespeare’s plays.Blank verse is a very flexible English verse form which can attain grandeur while echoing the natural rhythms of speech and allowing smooth enjambment (continuation of a unit of thought from one line to another)
13 Forms of Poetry: Blank Verse (L/N) Sonneta specific form of poetry that uses blank verseA lyric poem that is 14 lines longTwo Basic Divisions:Petrarchan (Italian) SonnetShakespearean (English) Sonnet
14 Forms of Poetry Concrete/Found (L) Concrete Poem: a poem with a shape that suggests its subject.The poet arranges the letters, punctuation, and lines to create a picture on the pageFound Poem: a poem built by taking words or phrases from another text, such as a book or newpaper article.To create, you may drop words from the original text, but you cannot add any words.
15 Petrarchan SonnetDivided into two sections by two different groups of rhyming sounds. The first 8 lines is called the octave and rhymes: a b b a a b b aThe remaining 6 lines is called the sestet and can have either two or three rhyming sounds, arranged in a variety of ways:c d c d c d c d d c d c c d e c d e c d e c e d c d c e d c
16 Shakespearean SonnetEach quatrain develops a specific idea, but one closely related to the ideas in the other quatrains.The English sonnet has the simplest and most flexible pattern of all sonnets, consisting of 3 quatrains of alternating rhyme and a couplet:a b a b c b c d e f e f g g
17 Forms of Poetry: Elegy, Odes (L) Elegy: a poem of mourning that is written in memory of someone“O Captain, My Captain”Ode: usually a lyric poem of moderate length, with a serious subject, an elevated style, and an elaborate stanza pattern.often praises people, the arts of music and poetry, natural scenes, or abstract concepts.“Ode on a Grecian Urn”
18 Forms of Poetry: Villanelle & Sestina Villanelles consist of 19 lines -- 5 tercets and a concluding quatrain. The form requires that whole lines be repeated in a specific order, and that only two rhyming sounds occur in the course of the poemSestinas feature7 stanzas with six unrhymed sestets & a closing tercetThe last six words (not lines) in the first stanza repeat in thefollowing stanzas in a specific order.The tercet uses all six words