2 What is poetry?Type of rhythmic, compressed language that uses figures of speech and imagery to appeal to the reader’s emotions & imagination.Two major types:1. Lyric poems2. Narrative poems
3 What is the difference between lyric & narrative poems? Poems that tell a story.Examples are epics & ballads.LYRIC POEMS:Poems that do not tell a story, but is aimed at expressing a speaker’s emotions or thoughts.Major type of lyric poem is the sonnet.
4 What are ballads? SONGS which tell stories of tragedy or adventure. Use simple language & lots of repetition.Usually have a regular rhythm & rhyme scheme, which makes them easy to memorize.
5 What is a sonnet? 14 line lyric poem. Iambic pentameter: rhythm of natural language.- iamb: unstressed syllable followed by a stressed one (ex: before).- pentameter: 5 stressed syllables, or beats, in each line.Follows a regular rhyme pattern.
6 How important is imagery to poetry? Imagery: language that appeals to the senses (sight, hearing, touch, smell, & taste).Imagery is present in all poems.It shapes how we interpret a poem by influencing our feelings about it.Images may be pleasant/ unpleasant.
7 Is there only one way to rhyme? Rhyme: the repetition of accented vowel sounds, & all sounds following them, in words that are close together in a poem.End rhymes: occur at the ends of lines.Internal rhymes: occur in the middle of a line.Approximate rhymes: 2 words have a sound in common but do not necessarily rhyme.
8 How do rhyme & rhythm shape poems? Rhyme scheme, the pattern of end rhymes in a poem, defines the shape of a poem.Rhythm is a musical quality based on repetition.Meter is a regular pattern of stressed & unstressed syllables in each line of poetry.
9 Do poems have to rhyme?Free verse is poetry which does not follow regular rhyme & meter patterns.Rhythm is create through repeated words or lines.Language sounds ordinary.
10 Whose poem is it? The voice talking to us in a poem is the speaker. Not necessarily the poet; it can be anyone or anything.Speaker impacts tone, the attitude expressed toward its subject or audience.The speaker’s tone & style of speaking create the speaker’s voice.All of these are the keys to determining a poem’s meaning.