Presentation on theme: "Mrs. Spencer Language Arts"— Presentation transcript:
1 Mrs. Spencer Language Arts PoetryMrs. SpencerLanguage Arts
2 Elements of Poetry Poetry is the most musical of literary forms Speaker- character who tells the poemImagery- writing that appeals to one or more of the five senses
3 Elements of Poetry- Figurative Language Metaphors- describe one thing as if it were something else.Her eyes were saucers, wide with expectations.Personification- gives human qualities to something nonhuman.The clarinet sang.Similes- use like or as to compare two unlike things.The icy water was like stinging bees.
4 Elements of Poetry- Sound Devices (add a music quality) Alliteration- repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words.Feathered friendsRepetition- repeated use of a sound, word, or phrase.Assonance- repetition of vowel sounds in stressed syllable that end with different consonant sounds.Fade and hayConsonance- repetition of final consonant sounds in stressed syllables with different vowel sounds.End and handOnomatopoeia- use of words that imitate sound.Pow!Rhyme- repetition of sounds at the end of a word.Thin skinRhythm- pattern of strong/weak beats and pauses.
5 Structure of a PoemLines- help poets add natural pauses by breaking up a poem into many parts. A capital letter is at the beginning of a line.Stanza- arrangement of groups of lines to create an appearance on the page or to organize thoughts. There is a blank line between stanzas.Meter- rhythmical pattern (the arrangement and number of stressed and unstressed syllables).Rhyme scheme- pattern of rhyme in a poem. It is written in letters; aabb is a stanza whose first 2 and last 2 lines rhyme.End rhyme- occurs when the end of lines share the same sound.Internal rhyme- a rhyme occurs within a single line.Rhyming couplets- a pair of rhyming lines that usually have the same meter and length.
6 Types of PoemsLyric/ballad- a songlike narrative poem, usually featuring rhyme, rhythm, and refrainSonnets-14 line poems with a formal tone that follow a specific rhyme scheme and stanzas (Pertrarchan - abbaabbacdecde with 2 stanzas or Shakespearean – ababcdcdefefgg with 4 stanzas)Odes- formal tone, written for the single purpose of celebrating somethingElegies- formal poems that reflect on death or serious themes
7 Types of PoemsNarrative- tells a story. Has elements of short stories like setting, plot, and characters.Epics- a long narrative poem that tells an exciting or inspiring story about a hero and muse.Free verse-no strict structure. No regular meter, rhyme, line length, or stanza.Limerick- humorous 5 line poem with a specific rhythmic pattern and an aabba rhyme scheme.Concrete- the words are arranged on the page to form a shape that suggests the topic of the poem. It is lighthearted with a loose structure.Haiku- a 17 syllable poem (the first line has 5 syllables, the second has 7, and the third has 5). It is delicate, unrhymed, about nature, and Japanese.