Presentation on theme: "Poetry Unit Vocabulary"— Presentation transcript:
1 Poetry Unit Vocabulary 8th Grade LiteratureBethany Howard, Ed.S.
2 Textbook Page 670Rhythm: the repetition of stressed and unstressed syllablesElegy: a poem for someone who has diedMeter: a regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllablesRhyme: the repetition of accented vowel sounds and all sounds following them in words that are close togetherend rhymes: rhymes at the end of linesCouplet: when two rhyming line are consecutive
3 Textbook page 670 (continued) internal rhymes: rhymes that occur within linesexact rhymes: rhymes which end in the exact same soundapproximate rhymes: sounds that are similar but not exactly the sameAlliteration: the repetition of consonant sounds in several words that are close togetherAssonance: repeated vowel soundsOnomatopoeia: the use of words that imitate sounds or suggest their meaning
4 Textbook Page 672 Imagery: language that appeals to our senses Symbol: something that has meaning in itself and also stands for something elsefigures of speech: words or phrases that describe one thing in terms of another and are not meant literallySimiles: compare two unlike things using words such as like, as, than, and resemblesMetaphor: makes a comparison without using a connecting wordExtended Metaphor: when poets carry a metaphor over several linesPersonification: a nonhuman thing or inanimate thing is described as if it had human or lifelike qualities
5 Textbook Page 673 Lines: used in poetry instead of sentences Stanzas: used in poetry instead of paragraphsNarrative Poem: poems that tell storiesBallad: is a song or songlike poem that tells storiesEpics: long narrative poems, originally passed down by word of mouth, that tell about heroes who embody the values of the culture recounting the taleLyric Poems: usually do not tell a story instead they express personal thoughts and feelings of the poet or the speaker (poem’s narrator)Sonnet: a specific type of lyric poem that is always 14 lines long and usually has a specific type of meterOdes: long, lyric poems that were traditionally written to celebrate a famous person or lofty ideaFree-Verse Poems: do not follow regular meter or rhyme scheme, but they do include other elements of poetry such as rhythm, figures of speech, and alliteration